Showing posts with label AUSTRALIA. Show all posts
Showing posts with label AUSTRALIA. Show all posts

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Sydney Olympic Stadiums and Sydney Olympic Park

The post-Olympic situation has assumed particular importance because the two major new Olympic stadiums involved signiŽ cant private sector funding which depended on substantial spectator numbers after the Olympics. The local context has threatened the viability of Olympic stadiums in two main ways. The stadiums are in competition with pre-existing State government stadiums, all newly built or extensively redeveloped in the previous decade and a half. They also face the reality of national sporting leagues which generate relatively small attendances at games in Sydney for reasons of local history and culture.

Sydney Olympic Stadiums
There are very few other major stadium events which are feasible in Sydney’s market to make up the shortfall. This situation has been in uential in causing the State government to seek proposals for major urban development around the two Olympic stadiums. A draft masterplan for Sydney Olympic Park has been prepared, and development proposals sought.

In Australia, the themes of public subsidies, inter-stadium competition and urban development have been prominent in recent stadium projects, as the Sydney case studies in this article will show. The political limits to public subsidies have also been starkly shown. The largest Australian stadium built in recent years, other than Sydney’s main Olympic stadium, is Colonial Stadium in Melbourne, with 52,000 seats. It was originally conceived as a Statefunded soccer and rugby stadium (Maiden, 2001) as the Ž rst project in the Victorian
government’s Docklands redevelopment scheme covering 220 ha. The government claimed that integrated redevelopment of the area around the stadium would be a Ž rst for Australia.

Sydney Olympic Park
An alternative stadium scheme was then developed in which a guarantee of 30 Australian Football League (AFL) matches each year allowed the project to be privately Ž nanced (Chandler, 1999). The stadium consortium of private investors, which included News Corp and the national Seven television network which held AFL telecasting rights, won the right to build the stadium and redevelop an adjacent area, principally for a television studio. The $A150 million in equity was supplemented by $A100 million from Seven for 25 year rights to ticketing, premium seating, naming rights and signs (Maiden, 2001).

The stadium opened in 2000. But the failure to secure off-season activity and lower than expected attendances meant that revenue was well below expectations. Its Ž rst full Ž nancial year generated revenue of $A22.5 million instead of the $A55 million that had been forecast (Maiden, 2001). There was a pre-tax loss of $A41.2 million, and the value of the stadium was written down by $A156 million to $A200 million (Maiden & Milovanovic, 2001). To avoid liquidation, Seven paid $A75 million plus a future annual fee to the owners to lease and manage the stadium for 23 years (Sydney Morning Herald, 26 October 2001).

Sydney Olympic Park
By contrast, Melbourne’s main stadium, the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), is being redeveloped by the Victorian government at a cost of $A400 million for the 2006 Commonwealth Games, which will increase its capacity from 96,000 to just over 100,000 spectators (Australian Financial Review, 15 August 2001). This situation of private sector losses in the face of State-funded redevelopment of competing stadiums parallels the story of Sydney’s Olympic stadiums described later.

Sydney Olympic Park is a 640-hectare site located adjacent to the suburb of Homebush Bay, New South Wales, Australia. It was built for the 2000 Olympics and continues to be used for sporting and cultural events, including the Sydney Royal Easter Show, Sydney Festival, Big Day Out and a number of world class sporting fixtures. It is served by the Olympic Park railway station.

Manly Beach Beautiful National Park Favourite Beach In Sydney Tourist

Welcome to our new Sydney college situated in the idyllic surroundings of Manly Beach, Sydney’s favourite beach resort. Near to the Pacific Ocean and the iconic Sydney Harbour with its beautiful National Park, the college is ideally placed for students to enjoy all that Sydney has to offer, including Shelly and Manly Beaches within walking distance. A wide range of water sports is available all year round including surfing, sailing and diving.

Those who prefer to keep their feet on dry land can enjoy beach volleyball, tennis, golf, climbing and many other pursuits. Manly also offers magnificent restaurants and cafés, pubs and clubs, so all bases are covered. With 21 classrooms offering views of Manly Beach, the harbour and Sydney city centre, you couldn’t ask for a better study location.

Manly Beach Sydney is located at 33.7876°S 151.2878°E, whereas the Dee Why Beach is located
5.2km to the north. Both beaches are composed of medium grained, well sorted orange to brown sediments, consisting of predominantly iron stained quartz sediments and approximately 40% calcareous shell debris. These sands are utilized as “medium brightness sediments” in ongoing international ARGUS video imaging near-shore zone research (Boak, Turner,Merton, 2005). Sydney beaches are medium energy and are classified as meso-tidal, nominally ranging to 1.8m.

Manly Beach Boat & Kayak Hire
Located on the eastern side of Manly Wharf offering access to North Harbour’s secluded beaches and stunning waterways. A modern range of hirable equipment from self-drive leisure boats to single, double and triple Kayaks.

Oceanworld Manly Beach
Discover the underwater delights of Oceanworld. Experience Shark Dive Xtreme, reptile and dangerous animal shows, daily tours, fish feeding, touch pool presentations, family sleep overs and educational talks.

Sydney Harbour Bridge In History and Attractions Tourism

The Sydney Harbour Bridge is considered the world’s greatest arch bridge and is one of Australia’s best known and photographed landmarks. An engineering masterpiece, the bridge represented a pivotal step in the development of modern Sydney and an important part of the technical revolution of the 1930s. Known by locals as the ‘Coathanger’, the bridge celebrated its 75th birthday in 2007, with its official opening in March 1932.

Discussions about building a bridge from the northern to the southern shore of Sydney Harbour had started
as early as 1815. It took some time for this to become a reality with design submissions invited in 1900. All designs were deemed inappropriate or unsatisfactory for one reason or another and the idea eventually lost momentum. However, after World War One more serious plans were made, with a general design for the Sydney Harbour Bridge prepared by Dr JJC Bradfield. The New South Wales Government invited worldwide tenders for the construction of the bridge in 1922 and the contract was awarded to English firm Dorman Long and Co of Middlesbrough, England.

Bradfield’s design involved more than the bridge, it was the key element in an integrated transport system
including an extensive network of rail and roadways leading to the bridge. These in turn were incorporated
into the broader Sydney road, rail and tram system. Construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge construction
started in 1924 and took 1400 men eight years to build at a cost of £4.2 million. Six million hand driven rivets and 53 000 tonnes of steel were used in its construction. The construction of the bridge represented a new era for Australians. An important part of the technical revolution of the 1930s, the bridge was seen as evidence of Australia’s industrial maturity.

The opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge was a momentous occasion, drawing an estimated one million
people. The ceremony was attended by almost the entire population of Sydney, as well as huge numbers from
around New South Wales, and thousands from interstate.

The New South Wales Premier at the time, the Honourable John T Lang, officiated at the opening and
officially declared the bridge open. However, before he could cut the ribbon to open the bridge, Captain Francis de Groot of the New Guard, disguised as a military horseman, slashed it with his sword, believing the only person to open the bridge should be a member of the royal family. The incident has become a part of Australian folklore and a symbol of the perceived national character trait of rebellion against authority. It was part of JCC Bradfield’s vision for the bridge that it be used “at times of national rejoicing”. Over the years since its opening community ceremonial and celebratory occasions have regularly centred on Sydney Harbour Bridge.

The Bridge Climb started in 1998 and attracts tourists and locals alike, eager to climb this magnificent
monument for both the challenge and the remarkable views. From the bridge visitors can also enjoy breathtaking views of the Sydney Opera House, another of Australia’s iconic landmarks.

Sydney Opera House Software Technology for Digital Facility Models

Sydney Opera House is a unique building, an icon of 20th century architecture and an iconic symbol of Sydney and Australia. The challenges of maintaining such a building are immense and are dependent upon a vast array of information that begins with as-built documents, Operation & Maintenance manuals, and extends to include maintenance schedules, room data sheets, asset performance data, cost data, etc. Obviously the value of this information for facility management is enhanced by its currency, accessibility and the ability to correlate one data set with another (integration of datasets).

A building information model correlated to these information sources is used as definition for a digital facility model. Such a digital facility model would give transparent and an integrated access to the available information and opens up capabilities for information logistics (the right information, on the right time, on the right spot, in the right format). In order to construct such a digital facility model, two state-of-the-art Information and Communication technologies are considered: 
1) a standardized building information model called the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) (IAI 2006) and

2) a variety of advanced communication/integration technologies often referred to as the Semantic Web (Berners-Lee et al 2001) such as the Resource Description Framework (RDF) and the Web Ontology Language (OWL) (Fensel 2002).

The following section ‘Facility Information Systems at Sydney Opera House’ will discuss the existing
information systems at Sydney Opera House and highlight the potential benefits of digital facility models. The
‘Software Technology for Digital Facility Models’ will discuss the key technologies available today to
implement a digital facility model. The section ‘Towards Digital Facility Modelling for Sydney Opera House’
will discuss the developed prototype software system.

Several software information systems and agreement practices are present at Sydney Opera House (SOH)
supporting consistent information management for Facility Management purposes. This section discusses a
couple of these systems.

Luna Park Sydney Most Popular Tourist In Australia

Luna Park Sydney is open from 11 am–7.30 pm (most days). Schools should plan to arrive at 10.30–11 am, to allow time to collect their unlimited rides wristbands from the Physics is Fun Coordinator and to give them to their students. Please do this away from the collection area to avoid overcrowding. Teachers should carry a mobile phone to advise the Physics is Fun Coordinator of any delays in arriving or to seek help if any student has an accident. If delayed, please contact: Robert Garner on 0418 160 481. Teachers should mark their rolls BEFORE leaving school, so they know how many students they should have on arrival at Luna Park.

There are height restrictions (maximum and/or minimum heights) on rides for the safety of riders on the various rides at Luna Park Sydney. These heights are listed in the worksheets provided by Physics is Fun and can also be obtained from the Physics is Fun Closed-in shoes and tops must be worn on the rides at Luna Park Sydney. No loose objects are allowed on rides. Most rides are NOT recommended for persons who have had recent surgery or illness; have plaster casts or broken bones; back, neck or bone injuries; high blood pressure; cardiovascular problems; nervous disorders; or are pregnant.

Entry to and exit from Luna Park Sydney may be made along a level pathway, running off Alfred Street, Milson’s Point. Entry to and exit from some rides is via stairs. There are level pathways and some small flights of steps or ramps to negotiate between the rides. Students are advised to walk at all times, to not block stairways and to use any ramps in a safe and responsible manner at all times. Luna Park Sydney has wheelchair access around the park, however wheelchair access to some rides is not possible.

Luna Park Sydney regularly tests and maintains its rides. Ride operators are trained in the safe operation of rides. For safety reasons, any ride that requires repairs or maintenance will not be operating. Thus some rides may be closed on any day due to the ride maintenance schedule or unforeseen breakdowns.

Souvenirs are available from the retail shop at Luna Park Sydney. If permitted by teachers, students may purchase items from this outlet at regular retail prices. Several food and beverage facilities are located throughout Luna Park Sydney. If permitted by teachers, students may purchase items from these outlets at regular retail prices. Some outlets sell alcoholic beverages but strictly adhere to all legislation related to not selling or serving persons under 18 years. Students may bring food and beverages if they wish. Drinks should be in cardboard/plastic containers and food should be brought in plastic/paper bags. No glass or metal containers are permitted for safety reasons.

Australia Attractions Tourism Informations

Australia is the sixth largest country in the world and has a population of 20 million people. It is about the same geographic size as the 48 mainland states of the USA and 50 per cent larger than Europe, but has the lowest population density in the world - only two people per square kilometre. The Australian environment is unique. From unspoilt beaches, tropical rainforests, rugged mountain ranges and vast tracts of desert, it is a country of contrasts. With the reverse seasons of the northern hemisphere, Australia enjoys a largely temperate climate. Most of Australia receives more than 3,000 hours of sunshine a year, or about 70 per cent of the total possible hours.

Examples of Australia's natural wonders include the Great Barrier Reef and Kakadu National Park. The Great Barrier Reef is as big as the total combined area of the UK and Ireland, and contains more than 1,000 islands, from sandy bays to rainforest isles. Australia's tropical Top End is a landscape of towering sandstone escarpments that cradle some of Kakadu National Park’s treasures. Australia is also home to fourteen World Heritage listed wilderness areas.

Australians’ care about their unique environment. As such, sustainable tourism is an important factor in policy making. The Australian government is committed to and works closely with the tourism industry to deliver an environmentally sustainable and socially responsible tourism product. A significant contribution to tourism growth is made by cultural tourism. The experiences generated by Australian performances, visual arts and our heritage are unique. Cultural tourism embraces the full range of experiences visitors can undertake to learn what makes a destination distinctive its lifestyle, its heritage, its arts, its people - and the business of providing and interpreting that culture to visitors.

International visitors to Australia are attracted by the distinctive features of Australian culture which cannot be duplicated elsewhere in the world. Their interest includes seeing and learning about Indigenous culture and undertaking activities relating to Indigenous customs, for example, visiting a gallery or museum, or taking a tour involving Indigenous culture.

Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Favorite Tourism Queensland

The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), an Australian Government statutory authority, is responsible for the overall planning and management of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. The primary role of the GBRMPA is to provide for the protection of the Marine Park’s natural and cultural values while allowing for wise use, understanding and enjoyment. The Marine Park is a multiple use protected area; a key aspect of management is working in partnership and cooperating with stakeholders and local communities to find common, mutually beneficial outcomes.

The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is the largest natural feature on earth stretching more than 2,300km along
the northeast coast of Australia. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is the world's largest World Heritage Area and biggest tropical marine reserve. Tourism is the largest industry within the Marine Park.

The following initiatives act to engage the private sector in Reef stewardship, compliance and aid Reef resilience.

· Established processes for private sector engagement including development of the Marine Park’s zoning and plans of management. The se processes result in planning and management frameworks that are informed and owned by the private sector. This provides for sustai nable tourism within the Marine Park and enhances compliance to the plan.

· Established processes for private sector engagement on issues relevant to tourism and recreational use of the GBR through the Tourism Recreation and Reef Advisory Committee 4 (TRRAC). TRRAC is a senior level multi-sector committee that provides advice to the GBRMPA on issues such as policy development, research, monitoring, tourism trends and local issues. TRRAC also advises in the development and implementation of strategic and management plans.

· Incentives to encourage high standards of operation. For example opportunity to increase permit tenure for certified operators from 6 to 15 years5.

· Holding forums with the private sector to work out approaches to issues that may affect the tourism industry such as climate change.

· Tourism partnership programmes such as Bleach Watch6, Cots Watch7, and the Eye on the Reef programme. These initiatives provide tourism professionals with a greater understanding of the environment whilst also providing information used for research, monitoring and management of the Reef.

Snorkeling or scuba diving are popular activities at the reef, and many boats provide dive instructions on site. Those terrified of the water can ride in a glass-bottom boat or see the reef by helicopter if they are prone to seasickness, Hodgson says.

Tuesday, February 15, 2011


Just about an hour’s drive from Melbourne CBD awaits the Yarra Valley. Famous for its food, wine and
distant blue ranges; rolling hills strung with vines, towering trees, verdant valleys with pristine rivers that make up the spectacular scenery. With A cool climate and diverse soil types, the Yarra Valley has more 3,600 hectares of vineyards and produces some of the world finest Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and sparkling wines. The region also offers fine produces :
- fruits, vegetables, chocolate and cheese to complement the wines.

With hundreds of cafés, restaurants and markets one can expect the finest contemporary fare and ambient
dining in the most picturesque settings in Victoria. Bayview Eden Melbourne and Bayview On The Park are situated conveniently on Queens Road overlooking the picturesque Albert Park Lake. It is located in the heart of the St Kilda Road business district :
- a short tram ride away from Melbourne's Central Business District and Crown Entertainment Complex.

This is a totally customised service, not a set itinerary. You can choose from the many wineries or attraction is the Yarra Valley to visit on your day out with us as your local guide. Some suggestions are listed below. You can write your own itinerary but if your not too sure about What’s What in the Yarra Valley our great reservations staff can help organise your itinerary or our friendly Wine Expert driver/ guide will liaise with you on the day of the tour and they are right on the money when it comes to matching the wineries to your tastes. Just like having your own Sommelier as your driver.

Experience the best the Yarra Valley has to offer at the wine region’s newest luxury accommodation. Yering Gorge Cottages are ultra‐modern, self‐contained cottages with all mod‐cons, set in the picturesque Yering Gorge, just 50 minutes drive from Melbourne’s CBD. Yering Gorge Cottages offer magnificent views and a private haven in peaceful surrounds. Modern and stylish, each cottage features an expansive private balcony with barbecue, LCD TV/DVD player, selfcontained kitchen, relaxing spa bath and romantic wood fire.
One and two‐bedroom cottages are available, while two adjoining two‐bedroom cottages are perfect for
a larger group or family.

Guests receive a complimentary bottle of local wine and breakfast basket on arrival, with a complimentary antipasto tray for afternoon drinks on the balcony. Set on 110 acres of bushland with 3km of river frontage, the property is a nature reserve home to kangaroos, wombats, echidnas and many native birds including kookaburras and kingfishers. Guests can explore activities like bushwalking, fishing and mountain biking, or just relax and enjoy the view from their own private balcony.

Yering Gorge Cottages is within a short drive of some of the Yarra Valley’s best wineries, restaurants and
golf courses and wine tours of the region can be arranged on request. With its close proximity to Melbourne and peaceful surrounds, Yering Gorge Cottages is perfect for conferences. Facilities include a conference room and recreation room, with audio‐visual support on hand. Visits to local restaurants and wineries can also be arranged as part of a conference package. The property was built by the Stevens family, Yarra Valley locals for 25 years, who are committed to making Yering Gorge Cottages a first‐class accommodation experience.

Blue Mountains Area World Heritage Site Sydney Australia Tourism

The Blue Mountains, about 90 minutes’ drive west of Sydney CBD, comprises a range of sandstone plateau, valleys and heathlands. The name "Blue Mountains" is derived from the ever present bluish haze, caused by the release of volatile oils from the eucalyptus forests. Much of the Blue Mountains are incorporated in the Greater Blue Mountains Area World Heritage Site, a conservation reserve. Whilst bushwalking is a favourite pastime of many, the region is also acclaimed for its guesthouses and luxurious resorts that offer spa treatments, natural therapies, and great dining experiences. A string of townships form a vibrant cultural community where artists, musicians and writers flourish. Bayview Boulevard Sydney offers spacious and comfortable guestrooms with stunning views of the picturesque Sydney Skyline and Harbour.

The Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area is an accessible wilderness, covering more than one million hectares of rainforest, canyons, eucalypt forest and heath lands in New South Wales. This landscape extends north to the Hunter Valley and includes the protected areas of the Blue Mountains, Wollemi, Yengo, Nattai,
Kanangra-Boyd, Gardens of Stone, and Thirlmere Lakes national parks, as well as the Jenolan Karst Conservation Reserve. Six Aboriginal language groups treasure connections with this land. These connections include cultural practices such as songs, stories and art, as well as knowledge about places, landforms, plants,
animals and natural resources passed down through generations.

The Blue Mountains are not, as the name suggests, a range of mountains, but a sandstone plateau which shelters a rich diversity of plant and animal life. The name comes from the bluish tinge the landscape assumes when eucalyptus forests release warmed oils into the atmosphere. The colour is best seen when viewed from a distance. Although known to Indigenous Australians for thousands of years, the Blue Mountains were thought to be impenetrable by the early settlers until a group of three explorers, known as Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson, found a way through this wilderness in 1813. Many of the towns and natural features of the region are named in their honour.

Blue Mountains
The Blue Mountains National Park protects an unusually diverse range of animal and plant life. There are rare and ancient plants and isolated animal populations tucked away in its deep gorges, and more than one hundred species of eucalypts grow here. The region is considered a natural laboratory for studying the evolution of eucalypts because the region has such a wide range of species. There are tall forest eucalypts and rainforest species, open forests and woodland species.

The Greater Blue Mountains includes a number of ancient plant species, the most famous of which is the Wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis). This living fossil dates back to the age of the dinosaurs. It was thought to have been extinct for millions of years, but small populations were found recently in remote gorges within
the Wollemi National Park. More than 400 different kinds of animals live within the gorges and tablelands of the Greater Blue Mountains landscape, including rare species such as the spotted-tail quoll, the koala, the yellow-bellied glider, and the long-nosed potoroo.

The area is also home to the distinctive geological phenomena of the Jenolan Caves, an ancient network of eroded limestone. Another geological phenomenon sits on the edge of the Blue Mountains plateau. The Three Sisters are an amazing sight: three closely-spaced, steep-sided sandstone pillars that according to Aboriginal legend are the embodiment of three sisters Meehni, Wimlah and Gunnedoo who lived in the Jamison Valley. This National Landscape received World Heritage listing in 2000. The unique plants, animals, and land formations in this outstanding environment tell a powerful story of Australia’s natural and cultural history. Although this National Landscape is on Sydney’s doorstep, it feels a world away.

Centrally located to Sydney's CBD attractions, shopping, dining and entertainment districts, Bayview Boulevard Sydney is the perfect destination for business, leisure or a short getaway.