The main viewing area is still in the core of the Bandhavgarh National Park with its 32 picturesque, wooded hills. An ancient fort up on a precipice, 800 metres high, dominates the Park. Bandhavgarh National Park in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh is has spellbinding location between the Vindhayas and Satpura mountain ranges. This wetland plateau is the terrain of the beautiful and timid animals to the most ferocious of tigers. This forest was declared as a national park in the year 1968 and then on strenuous efforts have been taken by the government to preserve it. Sal is one tree than can be found in abundance while there are mammoth stretch of Bamboo forest and grasslands.
|Bandhavgarh National Park|
The lush vegetation provides an excellent opportunity to the animals to hide away from the human gaze. The national park attracts huge amount of tourist participation, a visit to the park will give you a chance to decamp from the prosaic life of the city and towns. Pamper yourself with a little spice in the Nilgai caves excavated from the cliffs to the north of the fort Brahmi inscriptions here date back to the 1st century BC. A hunting reserve of the royal family of Rewa in more recent times, Bandhavgarh was declared a Park in 1968. This is where the famous white tigers of Rewa were discovered. Wandering through the Bandhavgarh National Park on elephant back, the chances of seeing a tiger are quite good. Also to be seen here are nilgai, chausingha, chital, chinkara, wild boar and sometimes a fox or jackal.
Other inhabitants of the Bandhavgarh National Park include the muntjac, jungle cat, ratel, hyena, porcupine, the rhesus macaque and the black-faced langur. About 150 species of birds are also found here and include the migratory birds that arrive in winter like the steppe eagle and various water-birds. It is possible to climb up to the Bandhavgarh fort for a breathtaking bird's-eye view of the Bandhavgarh National Park and there is also a small population of black buck that lives here, protected from the predators below.
|Bandhavgarh National Park-White Tiger|
The forest of Bandhavgarh can be classified as moist deciduous, and the National Park holds all those animal species which are typical of this habitat in Central India. Certain areas of the Bandhavgarh National Park (particularly the south and west) are drier in character, and hold such species as the nilgai and the chinkara. Sal forest occurs throughout the valleys, giving way to mixed forest which occurs where the soil is of relatively poor quality on the upper hill slopes, on rocky outcrops and in the south and west. Grassy meadow patches occur in the valley and along the nalas.
|Bandhavgarh National Park-Elephant|
There are more than 22 species of mammals and 250 species of birds. Common langurs and rhesus macaque represent the primate group. Carnivores include the Asistic Jackal, Bangal fox, sloth bear,
ratel, grey mongoose, striped hyena, jungle cat, leopard and tiger. The artiodactyls frequently sighted are wild pig, spotted deer, sambar, chausingha, nilgai, chinkara and gaur. Mammals such as dhole, the small Indian civet, palm squirrel and lesser bandicoot rat are seen occasionally. Among the herbivores, gaur is the only coarse feeder.
The vegetation along streams and marshes is rich in birdlife. The common ones are little grebe, egret, lesser adjutant, sarus crane black ibis, lesser whistling teal, white-eyed buzzard, black kite, crested serpent eagle, black vulture, Egyptian vulture, common peafowl, red jungle fowl, dove, parakeet, kingfisher and Indian roller. Reptilian fauna include cobra, krait, viper, ratsnake, python, turtle and a number of lizard varieties, including varanus.