Showing posts with label INDONESIA-JAVA. Show all posts
Showing posts with label INDONESIA-JAVA. Show all posts

Friday, June 3, 2011

Mount Bromo Mount Semeru and Tengger National Park Spectacular Sunrise Natural

Mount Bromo in Indonesian Gunung Bromo is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. At 2,329 metres (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well known. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in East Java, Indonesia. Mount Bromo sits in the middle of a vast plain called the "Sea of Sand"  a protected nature reserve since 1919. The typical way to visit Mount Bromo is from the nearby mountain village of Cemoro Lawang. From there it is possible to walk to the volcano in about 45 minutes, but it is also possible to take an organised jeep tour, which includes a stop at the viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan = 2,770 m or 9,088 ft, in Indonesian: Gunung Penanjakan. The best views from Mount Bromo to the Sand Sea below and the surrounding volcanoes are at sunrise.

Mount Bromo or Tengger

On the Segara Wedi sand plain sits a Hindu temple called Pura Luhur Poten. The temple holds a significant importance to the Tenggerese scatter across the mountainous villages such as Ngadisari, Wonokitri, Ngadas, Argosari, Ranu Prani, Ledok Ombo and Wonokerso. The temple organized annual Yadnya Kasada ceremony which lasts for about one month. On the 14th day, the Tenggerese will congregate at Pura Luhur Poten to ask for blessings from Ida Sang Hyang Widi Wasa and God of Mahameru (Mount Semeru). Then the mass will proceed along the crater edges of Mt Bromo where offerings will be thrown into the crater. The major difference between this temple with the Balinese ones are the type of stones and building materials.

Mount Bromo in Legendary during the reign of the last king of Majapahit, Brawijaya, the situation was so uncertain due to the expanding new religion, Islam. At the time, the queen gave birth a baby girl and named her Roro Anteng, later the princess married Joko Seger, a Brahma Caste. Since the influences of the new religion was so strong that it created chaos. The king and his followers were forced to back off to the east, some of them reached Bali and some of them reached a volcano. The new married couple, Roro Anteng and Joko Seger were also found among the fugitives who went to the volcano. Later they ruled the volcano area and named it Tengger. The word Tengger was derived from Roro Anteng and Joko Seger. Then he surnamed himself the riffle of Purba Wasesa Mangkurat Ing Tengger which means the righteous ruler of Tengger.

Mount Bromo Caldera

Explore the natural phenomena and the challenges of Mount Bromo & Mount Semeru in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. You will trek to attempt the peak of Mount Semeru 3,676 m above the sea level, as an active volcano which is the highest in Java. During the trek, you will pass over the beautiful high altitude volcanic lakes, tropical rain forest, and the grassland. After the adventure, you will enjoy the natural beauties such as the spectacular sunrise over Mount Bromo, explore the spectacular Sea of Sand on a horseback or by foot, that fills the caldera of Tengger mountains and meet the native Tengger people, wrapped in cloaks riding around on their high stepping ponies.

Mount Bromo Access
Mount Bromo can be reached by private vehicle or public transportation. To reach Mount Bromo, visitors can take two routes. First, the "western gate" of the direction of Pasuruan. Travelling through the west door is fairly heavy due to impassable by ordinary 4-wheel vehicles, except by hiring a jeep. Through this route tourists usually choose to walk from village to Mount Bromo Wonokitri with a distance of about 13 km. Second, through the "north gate" from the direction of Probolinggo. Through the second door, the tourists can use any vehicle, including riding a motorcycle because the road that passed not too steep. If tourists want to see the sea of ​​sand, it is advisable to go through the north door. Conversely, if the desired is watch the sunrise, it is more practical through the west door. The nearest village from the direction to reach Bromo Probolinggo is Cemorolawang (± 45 km from Probolinggo). Upon arrival at Surabaya Airport drive with 4WD Jeep to Village, Cottage, Guest House or Hotel.

Wednesday, May 25, 2011

Seropan Cave Amazing Lanscape Yogyakarta Tourism

Asiawonder Team-Seropan Cave of Gunungkidul Regency in the village of Semuluh, Semanu, Regency of Gunung Kidul in Yogyakarta. Cave seropan located around 45 km east of Yogyakarta. The line in the mileage is Yogyakarta-Wonosari-spliced road towards Bedoyo. Located 200 metres from the road Wonosari-Bedoyo. Can be achieved by using private vehicles or public transportation, with travel time is about 1.5 hours from Yogyakarta. The length of the cave is approximately 888 m with a depth of around 62 meters.

Seropan Cave

Office of Gunungkidul Regency has a potential for ecotourism in abundance, among them the cave karst (limestone caves in the area of land). One of the cave that is traced is the cave seropan in the village of semuluh subdistrict of Gunungkidul Regency semanu Regency Yogyakarta special region. Acintyacunyata Speleological Club (ASC), a group of caving has set foot in the cave with a length of 888 meters. Pursue inches by inches dent cave seropan, berpeluk lovey-dovey with lembutnya air times underground flowing in it. Feel the sensation of being in the depths of the Earth of gunungkidul Regency, revealing the beauty behind the aridity of his country the workhorse.

Seropan Waterfall In Seropan Cave

Friday, February 18, 2011

Yogyakarta Classic Favourite Tourism In Java

Yogyakarta is also a good base for a to the world's most impressive archeological site and famous for its rich heritage. This full day sightseeing tour bring you to explore Jogjakarta and part of the Central Java, features:

Kraton Yogyakarta Palace of Sultan Mataram

Kraton or the Palace where Sultan and his family of Yogyakarta live is located in the center of the axis stretching from the north to the south, and in the secondary axis from the east to the west. Kraton Palace where Sultan and his family of Yogyakarta live is located in the center of the axis stretching from the north to the south, and in the secondary axis from the east to the west. Get the memory back as you visit Taman Sari, known as water castle; this was once a splendid pleasure park of Palace, pool and waterways for the sultan and his entourage. The architect of this elaborate retreat built between 1758 and 1765 was a Portuguese from Batavia.

Malioboro Street & Bringharjo Market  Favourite Tourist Visit In Yogyakarta

Malioboro Street History Enjoy shopping experience, hunting exclusive souvenirs of Jogja, you may walk on foot along the arcades of Malioboro Street. Beringharjo Market Traditional Modern Building has been functioning as a trading place since 1758. These two connected shopping area offer merchandise, ranging from batik, traditional snacks, Javanese herbs, Buddha effigy, rattan ornament, leather puppet, and handicrafts to the modern fashions and Jewelry.

Maliobro Street History  and Shopping
Beringharjo Market Classical Traditional
 Kotagede Site and Silver HandyCraft

Kotagede Site is inheritance of Old Mataram Kingdom. Located around 10 kilometers at the southeastern part of Yogyakarta city center, the area is now well known as Kotagede as the center of silver handicrafts in Yogyakarta. Keeping around 170 old buildings built in 1700 to 1930, "Kotagede is not only named Silver City but an Old Capital City"
Silver Handy Craft

Kasongan Village Ceramic Handy Craft

Kasongan Village and Ceramic Handy Craft , Close look at ceramic handicrafts making that is done from generation to generation while hunting beautiful hand-made collections produced by skillful craftsmen.

Prambanan Temple UNESCO World Heritage Site Best Temple World

The cultural colour of Yogyakarta is still obvious because of the temples, traditional buildings, various cultural activities, and a number of famous artists. This afternoon sightseeing features the Prambanan Temple, the biggest and most beautiful Hindhus Temple in Indonesia, locally known as Roro Jonggrang, is the masterpiece of Hindu culture of the tenth century. The slim building soaring up to 47 meters makes its beautiful architecture incomparable. Prambanan temple is extraordinarily beautiful building constructed in the tenth century during the reigns of two kings namely Rakai Pikatan and Rakai Balitung. Soaring up to 47 meters (5 meters higher
than  temple), the foundation of this temple has fulfilled the desire of the founder to show Hindu triumph in Java Island.

Prambanan, named after the village, is the biggest temple complex in Java. Those are Brahma Temple in the North, Visnu Temple in the South and the biggest among the three which lies between Brahma and Visnu is Çiwa Temple which soars up to 47 meters high. Ancient Java’s greatest empire, The Mataram, first appeared on the stage of history in 732 AD. Rakai Pikatan began construction of the temples in 856 AD to commemorate the return to power of Sanjaya Dynasty.

This Prambanan temple is located 17 kilometers from the city center, among an area that now functions as beautiful park. Prambanan temple has three main temples in the primary yard, namely Vishnu, Brahma, and Shiva temples. Those three temples are symbols of Trimurti in Hindu belief. All of them face to the east. Each main temple has accompanying temple facing to the west, namely Nandini for Shiva, Angsa for Brahma, and Garuda for Vishnu. Besides, there are 2 flank temples, 4 kelir temples and 4 corner temples. In the second area, there are 224 temples.A fantastic sunset can be enjoyed (if weather permit) in the late afternoon.

 Restoration of Prambanan Temple start in 1918 and the main temple Shiva was completed in 1953. In 1991, Prambanan Temple was inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List and the restoration of the complex is still on its way. Beside restoration of the temple, the Government also enlarge the area for garden, parking area, shops area and other facilities. Four settlement Prambanan temple have been relocated in surrounding village.

The Prambanan temple complex was abandoned the next century when the Mataram court and most of the population moved to East Java, and the temples themselves collapsed during an earthquake in the 16th century. The 27 May 2006 earthquake caused serious damaged to Prambanan Temple Complex. The rehabilitation and reconstruction effort in Prambanan will take years. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Japan and others to help restore historical monuments damaged during the earthquake.

Sunday, February 13, 2011

Borobudur Temple History and Popular Tourism In Yogyakarta Indonesia

Borobudur Temple Monuments dating back to the ancient period of Indonesian history are commonly called chandi, irrespective of what they were originally meant for. They thus include not only temple buildings, but such things as gates and bathing-places. In the case of most chandis the original name is not known. Often people of nearby villages do not even know of their existence. Much of this cultural heritage had to be rediscovered. No wonder that chandis are simply called after the nearest village. A few, however, have preserved their names; in such cases the village is named after the chandi.

It is very difficult to find out whether Chandi Borobudur is called after the village of the other way about. In Javanese chronicles of the eighteenth century mention is made of a hill called Borobudur. Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles ‘discoverer’ of the monument’ - is said to have been told in 1814 about the existence of a monument called Borobudur in the village of Bumisegoro. Borobudur would therefore seem, in any case, to be the original name. But no ancient document yet found contains this name. An Old Javanese manuscript of 1365 A.D., called Nagarakrtagama and composed by Mpu Prapancha, mentions ‘Budur’ as a Buddhist sanctuary of the Vajradhara sect. It is not impossible that this ‘Budur’ is to be associated with Borobudur, but the lack of any further information makes a definite identification difficult.

A village in the immediate vicinity still bears the name ‘Bore’ - preserving perhaps the first part of the original name of the monument. The compound ‘Boro-Budur’ is hard to explain. To take it as meaning ‘the Budur sanctuary in the village Boro’ would contradict the rules of the Javanese language, which require that the words be the other way round (Budur Boro instead of Boro Budur). Raffles suggested that ‘Budur’ might correspond to the modern Javanese word ‘Buda’ (ancient); Borobudur would thus mean ‘ancient Boro’.
He also put forward another hypothesis: Boro means ‘great’, and Budur stands for ‘Buddha’, i.e. the monument was simply called after The Great Buddha. In fact, ‘boro’ should rather mean ‘honourable’, being derived from the Old Javanese ‘bhara’, an honorific prefix, so that ‘the sanctuary of the honourable Buddha’ would be more correct. However, ‘boro’ may also represent the Old Javanese word ‘bhara’, meaning ‘many’ (cf. the modern Javanese word ‘para’, denoting a plural), so the interpretation of ‘Borobudur’ as the sanctuary of ‘The many Buddhas has an equal claim.

The main objection to the above interpretations is that ‘Ancient Boro’ is not relevant, and ‘The Great Buddha’, ‘The honourable Buddha’ and ‘The many Buddhas’ offer no explanation of the change of ‘Buddha’ into ‘Budur’. Indeed, there is no way to justify it. A more plausible interpretation was proposed by the late Poerbatjaraka. He assumed that the word ‘boro’ stands for ‘biara’, which means ‘monastery’. Borobudur would then mean ‘The monastery of Budur’. Indeed, foundations of a monastery were unearthed during archaeological excavations carried out on the plateau west of the monument in 1952. As the name ‘Budur’ is
mentioned in the Nagarakrtagama, Poerbatjaraka’s interpretation might be right. But if so, how could the monastery stand for the monument in the people’s mind?

All the above explanations are based on interpretations of the composing words ‘Boro’ and ‘Budur’. De Casparis tried tracing both words back to their probabie origin. He pointed out that a name ‘Bhumisam -bharabhudhara’, denoting a sanctuary for ancestor worship, was found on two stone inscriptions dating from 842 A.D. After a thorough analysis of the religious aspects and a detailed reconstruction of the geography of the area in which historical events took place, he concluded that the sanctuary of Bhumisambhlrabhtidhara could not be other than our Borobudur, and that the change to the present name occurred through the normal simplification that takes place in a spoken language.

Although many scholars object to De Casparis’ explanation, no more plausible solution has yet been put forward. Moens suggested that - on the analogy of the South-Indian Bharasiwa, denoting the ardent adherents of the Hindu God Siva - our monument was associated with the ‘Bharabuddha’ or zealous upholders of the Buddha. The name ‘Borobudur’ would then be a contraction of ‘Bharabuddha’ with the Tamil word ur for ‘city’ added on, thus meaning ‘The City of the upholders of the Buddha’. However, ‘Bharabuddha’ is a mere hypothetical reconstruction, with no documentary backing or evidence, and Moens’ theory has not been generally accepted.