Showing posts with label INDONESIA-PAPUA. Show all posts
Showing posts with label INDONESIA-PAPUA. Show all posts

Wednesday, June 1, 2011

New Canipo Destination in Palawan Philppines

Settlers from northeastern Palawan arrived in New Canipo aboard indigenous sailboatsknown as "pangko".

Settlers from Cuyo town in northeastern Palawan arrived in this village several decades ago aboard indigenous sailboats locally known as “pangko”. They gave the barangay its name, which was derived from their place of origin in Cuyo. New Canipo became a barangay in 1972.

There are no roads connecting New Canipo to other settlements this barangay has been isolated for nearly five decades now. Sea transport links the barangay to Alimanguan, some 40 minutes away, its nearest access to the provincial road network.

New Canipo

The local economy depends on farming and fishing. Coconut, cashew, root crops, and vegetables are the main cash crops. Rice is planted for domestic use. Most families raise livestock for food and additional income. Farming and carpentry provide another source of income for families with skilled members. Residents also provide manual services for free through a system of cooperation called “pahina” (also known as
“bayanihan” in other places).

Because of strong winds spawned by the southwest monsoon, fishing is limited to the squid and cuttlefish season from December to May, when the weather is relatively calm. Most fishermen use non-motorized paddle bancas. Nearly 70% of the barangay is covered with forests filled with indigenous trees and teeming with wildlife. Except for some residents who occasionally engage in illegal cutting of timber, there are no reports of forest-related economic activities.

New Canipo MAP


Nearly 70% of the barangay is covered with forests filled with indigenous trees and teeming with wildlife. Except for some residents who occasionally engage in illegal cutting of timber, there are no reports of forest-related economic activities.

SITIOS : Palee/Purok Magsasaka, Capalpalan/Purok Pagkakaisa, Ted Purok Pag-asa, Ombo/Purok Mangingisda

LAND AREA: 2,753 hectares

POPULATION: 996 individuals in 166 households (1995)
 
LANGUAGES SPOKEN: Cuyunon, Tagalog

MAJOR RELIGIONS: Roman Catholic, Seventh Day Adventist

MOST COMMON ILLNESSES: Malaria, measles, diarrhea

SCHOOLS: 1 barangay elementary school (Grades 1 - 6)

ORGANIZATIONS: 4 sitio associations, New Canipo Farmers' and Fishermen’s Association, Barangay Health Committee

HEALTH SERVICES: 1 Barangay Health Center with a nurse and barangay health worker

ELECTRICITY: A solar-powered battery charging system serves 15 households, and one generating set serves 18 households. The majority of residents (up to 81%) use kerosene lamps.

Monday, February 28, 2011

Biak Island Papua New Most Attractions Popular Indonesia


Biak Island or in Indonesia Pulau Biak is a Largest island located in Cenderawasih Bay near the northern coast of Papua province, an Indonesian. Biak is the largest island in its small archipelago, and has many atolls, reefs, and corals.


The island of Biak dominates the entrance to Geelvink Bay, near the western end of New Guinea. The island was held by 11,000 Japanese troops under the command of Colonel Kuzume Naoyuki. Disdainful of the doctrine of destruction at the water's edge, he decided instead to allow the Americans to come ashore unopposed so that they would stroll unwarily into the trap he had prepared for them.

Jaya Wijaya Mountain Beautiful Nature Scenery Adventure Climbing

Puncak Jaya section of the Jayawijaya Mountain Range still retains small ice caps. Lorentz glaciers are receding rapidly. Some 3,300ha of snowfields REMAINED IN 1992. The main snowfields comprise five separate areas of ice on the outer margins of Mount Puncak Jaya. These include two small fields which feed the Meren and Carstenz glaciers, and a small hanging glacier on the Carstenz Pyramid.


Puncak Jaya in Jaya Wijaya Mountain’s summit consists of several peaks (Jayakesuma/Carstenz Pyramid 4,884m, Ngga Pulu 4,862m, Meren 4,808m) that developed from Tertiary rocks (Miocene). This high area was still covered by wide ice caps (13sq.km) in 1936. These ice caps melted down to an area of just 6.9 km in 1972 and further reduced to 3.3 sq.km by 1991. The remaining ice is now divided into three patches the North Wall Firn, the Meren and Carstenz glacier with only 3 sq.km of ice left. Based on climatic data, a deficit mass balance will continue as the future trend.

The lowland area is a wide swampy plain, covered with virgin forest and intersected by countless winding rivers and streams, mostly tidal. The largest of these rivers empty into the shallow Arafura Sea, which separates the island of New Guinea from Australia. The Regional Physical Planning Program for Transmigration recognised 9 physiographic types and regions (beaches, tidal swamps, meander belts, peat
swamps, alluvial valleys, alluvial fans, dissected terraces, mountains and alpine summits) with 13 major land systems.
Climate Mount Jaya Wijaya

Lies within the humid tropical climatic zone. Rainfall in the lowland area averages 3700mm (3160-4100mm per annum). Western winds prevail between October and March, while the Eastern winds blow from April until September. The period from December until March is usually characterized by high waves in the coastal
areas. Daytime temperatures range from 29-32 degrees C in the lowlands, to below freezing above the 4800m contour line. Early morning snow on top of the summits of Mt.

Trikora and Mt. Jaya, or even down to 3800m, occurs regularly, but permanent snow and ice is only to be found in the Mt. Jaya area. In the mountains, the weather conditions are more dependent upon the immediate topography. Rainfall in the higher valleys ranges between 3500 and 5000mm/year.

Lorentz National Park Amazing World Heritage

Lorentz National Park is a beautiful and unique area rich of natural resources. Its Jaya Mountain top is the highest in South East Asia and is covered by glaciers. It is a place of alpin vegetation, rain forests, lowland, and mangrove forests along its coastal line. It is a home to hundreds of animal species like Tree Kangoroo, and endemic birds. It houses more than 24 different ecosystems and the largest tropical rain forest in Asia Pacific.

The Lorentz national park contains many unmapped, unexplored and original plants, animals and native cultural heritage. The mountainous area whose some mountain peaks are covered by snow, an amazing phenomenon happening near the equatorial line, also contains mineral deposits, and large-scale mining operations are active in the surroundings of the national park.

The Lorentz national Park also includes majority of Warim Papua area in Irian Jaya. Warim Block is rich of mineral resources, namely potential natural gas, oil, and prospective hydrocarbon. Based on seismic data, there are 13 prospects of hiydrocarbon totaling 2.135 MMBO and 4 prospects of significant resources, namely Cross Catalina (200 MMBO), Lorentz (640 MMBO), East Muras (210 MMBO), Steenkool (200 MMBO) that are located in the northwest of Warim Block.


Some criteria of considerations to award Lorentz National Park the status are as follow:
1.It houses major representaives of the earth’s history including the history of living creatures, significant geological processes continuously run thorugh the landform or other geomorphic and phisiographic forms: it is situated between two continents. It has complex geological sturucture with sontinuous mount formation
processes, big glaciation and expansion of coastal line that has produced lowlands. (World Heritage Committee).

Lorentz National Park has centre mountain chain up to 5,000 m above the sea level. It also has incredible snow-covered mountain top, ravines, steeply sloping riverbank or mountain sides. A number of caves in Lorentz’s highland store important fossils of ancient animal species as well as prehistoric lives. Its glaciers and landform, a witness of Pleistocene glacial period, the main stage of the earth’s history. The area also keeps fossil locations witnessing life evolution in New Guinea. (World Monitoring Center, 2001).


2. Lorentz National Park has prominent examples that represent significant ecological and biological processes continuously running throughout the earth’s ecosystem evolution, water, coastal and water areas, animal populations as well as plantations. ‘These processes create further stage of endemism.’(World Heritage Committee 1999).

3. Lorentz National Park contains superlative nature which is aesthetically important as well. One of its undisputed natural beauties is the huge, snowcovered Pleistoscene relics in its tropical area a globally superlative natural condition. The 3,000-meter high tropical glacial area contains moraine glacier and glacier valleys.

GENERAL INFORMATION OF THE NATIONAL PARK

Lorentz National Park is the largest national park in Indonesia as well as in South-East Asia, covering an area of 2.505.600 square hectares. It inclueds a number of regencies in Indonesia’s easternmost province of Irian Jaya, namely Paniai, Fak fak, Jayawijaya, and Merauke regency.

The Lorentz National Park is located on Irian Jaya, the Indonesian half of the island of New Guinea. The altitudes in the park range from sea level to the 4,884m at the summit of Puncak Jaya, Indonesia’s highest mountain and one of three places in the world where glaciers still exist in the tropics . The Lorentz National Park lies within the Province of Irian Jaya, and the administrative districts of Jayawijaya, Paniai, Merauke (Southern Division), Fak-fak, Mimika and Enarotali. It stretches for over 150km, from the central cordillera mountains in the north to the Arafura Sea in the south.


The Lorentz National Park can be divided into two very distinct zones: the swampy lowlands and the high mountain area of the central cordillera. The central cordillera itself can be subdivided in the eastern part and the western part on the basis of geology and vegetation types, the north/south line at approximately Kwiyawagi village being the dividing line. The central mountain ranges are the southern portion of two colliding continental plates, which are causing the mountain range to rise.

The lowering and rising of the sea level during the glacial and inter-glacial periods of the Pleistocene, along with continuous activity in the mobile belt which characterizes the contact zone of the two colliding lithospheric plates, has continued to promote the great biodiversity of the island of New Guinea in general, and in the Lorentz area in particular. Large tracts of the mountain range, and especially the area formed by the traditional lands of the Amungme (or Amung) are rich in mineral deposits especially gold and copper.

Wonder Lake Sentani Cultural and Art Most Popular Papua Tourism

The stillness of the water is most peaceful, evoking a peculiar wonder whether such a lake should indeed exist in paradise. The embracing Cyclops Mountains to the north and the lush vegetation as backdrop, securely protect the twenty four villages surrounding the lake. Sentani city located in Jayapura has lots of natural beauty. In order for indigenous values and culture, the art of the tribes around Lake Sentani region doesn’t come to fade, then the Sentani Cultural festival held deemed necessary. Lake Sentani Cultural Festival held each year in the kalkote Region Tourism-lake Sentani, Jayapura regency, Papua. This event is a cultural festival from several villages around Lake Sentani and several districts in Papua as an effort to support government programs to increase tourist visits Indonesia.


Oceanic art forms are extraordinarily diverse. Although particular genres, such as figurative representations of ancestors, spirits, and gods, are found across the region, and optical dynamism in seemingly abstract designs on weapons, bark cloth, and tattoos is also widely attested to, few generalizations can be made for Oceania as a whole. Neither Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia, the major regions into which Oceania is conventionally divided, nor significant areas, such as the Sepik River basin, are stylistically homogeneous. Such a degree of variety no doubt reflects a spirit of experimentation that led groups to differentiate themselves from their neighbours, experiment with new materials, and respond to new constraints, as they encountered and settled Oceania’s distinct environments. This voyaging orientation and spirit of experimentation survived and indeed seized upon opportunities during the colonial period, and it is evident today in the vitality of the contemporary arts of Oceania.


  
The Sentani area is located at the northern part of Irian Jaya and famous for abstract paintings written or painted on bark:
Lake Sentani barkcloth is highly distinctive, and generally took the form of maro (skirts or loincloths). Some pieces feature seemingly abstract, highly dynamic interlocked curvilinear forms, and others hybrid fish-like or lizard-like creatures, often with human faces. Almost abandoned around 1900, this art was revived in the 1930s in response to the interest of dealers and collectors, and is sustained in the present. Sentani bark
pictures use only three colors, black, white and red. Black is made from charcoal, white from sea-shell, red from Sentani soil. The bark is peeled off and flattened. Sometimes there are natural holes within the bark and the designs.

Tapa, or Bark Cloth, is a nonwoven fabric decorated with figurative and abstract designs usually applied by scratching or by painting. The basic clothlike material, produced from the inner bark, or bast, of certain trees (bark fiber), is made by stripping off the bast, soaking it, and beating it to make the fibers interlace and to reduce thickness. The most popular material is the inner bark of the paper mulberry tree, although breadfruit and fig trees are also used. Hand-painted bark cloth is limited today primarily to northern Australia, the island of New Guinea, and parts of Melanesia.


Spirals symbolize the swirl of Lake Sentani itself or so some claim: Official art developers convinced tribal leaders to abolish traditional carving rights and restrictions on the use of motifs, arguing that such concerns were no longer relevant. Among contemporary bark cloth paintings produced by the Asei islanders of Lake Sentani, I noted several unusual pieces clearly combining both Asmat and Sentani motifs. The Asmat motifs were the 'bipane' (boar tusk nosepiece symbol) and hornbill head (in brown), a crocodile (either Sentani or Asmat), Asmat human figures that transform into Sentani spiral motifs called 'fouw' and Sentani fish. Such a fusion is reminiscent of Batik Irian, yet the use of Asmat motifs by Sentani people for monetary gain goes against unspoken rules of conduct among many Papuan artists.


Numerous fish, including swordfish & sea turtles, are often painted on a piece of bark cloth from Asei or an other local village from Lake Sentani : Fish and other water animals were often portrayed on bark cloth since bark cloth has traditionally been the clothing of the married woman and since, in the Sentani region, it is mostly women who catch fish. Sentani Lake was an old sea inlet which had been separated from the ocean by a volcanic eruption.

This is the reason why sea fish such as swordfish occur on the cloths. Traditionally, pieces of bark cloth were painted with patterns such as wavy lines and spirals. The current style, characterized by separate figures that seem to float freely in space, is probably a development of the 1920s and ‘30s. Women have created bark cloths paintings for centuries. The bark is first cleaned by scraping it with a shell. Thereafter, the outer bark is loosened with beaters and then cut away. The thinner, inner bark is worked with beaters until the cloth has the right thickness and dimensions. The cloth is soaked in water, wrung out, and then hung up in the sun to dry. The painting is man's work.

Raja Ampat Papua The Wonder Island, Fish and Coral

As a still photographer, Raja Ampat appeals to me for its wide angle opportunities, video being the only better tool to capture the area’s wonders. No where else I’ve dived offers such consistent mind boggling vistas of fish and corals. Yet, focusing down to a smaller level there are macro creatures galore. Areas of mushroom shaped rock islands seem to harbour some of the better dive sites and make for beautiful and interesting topside scenery as well. This area is destined to become a World Heritage Site.


Dr Gerald Allen declared recently that “Raja Ampat represents the bulls-eye of biodiversity in coral reefs” and recommended “we protect the reef at all costs, because it represents the baseline to which all other reefs in the world be compared.” Raja Ampat is considered remote. Located off the Northwest “Bird’s Head”
Peninsula of New Guinea Island, Raja Ampat is a cluster of over 1500 small islands, bays and shoals surrounding the four islands of Misool, Salawati, Batanta and Waigeo. Named after the “Four Kings” of these
islands, Raja Ampat is a part of the West Papua province of Indonesia which was formerly Irian Jaya and is now its own district with its own government.

“Remote” depends on your definition. While much of the area is unexplored, it is easy enough to fly by jet into the local Sorong airport from Manado or Makassar (Ujung Pandang) where you are collected by ship to travel an hour or so to the diving areas.


Favourite Sites
for Small Creatures One of the favourite macro photography sites on the trip was in a deep bay on the western end of Waigeo where a long wall alternates with a steep slope both covered in corals and anemones and shadowed by rainforest from the island above. The site is populated by orang-utan crabs, ghost pipefish, a great variety of nudibranchs, several species of lionfish and of course, pygmy seahorses. Pygmy seahorses seem to be everywhere, so we restrict ourselves to looking for them on designated macro days when we are diving in calm areas.


This site could be dived from 30 meters to the surface so bottom time was no problem. We took advantage
of this by spending the entire day at this site, most of it in the water. Highlights were the abundance of orang-utan crabs, striking orange ‘pygs’ (pygmy seahorses) on a matching fan, a giant zebra crab on a fire
urchin, and bizarre Phyllodesmium species nudibranch, juvenile egg cowries and both robust and ornate ghost
pipefish.

The dive site is long and protected. Although there occasionally was a current, there was no chance of getting
lost or being swept away and there was always a sheltered area. What we found immediately were schools of silversides so dense they would turn day into night when overhead. Even in the brightest part of the day, I would need a light to enable me to focus on the robust ghost pipefish or on the tiny crabs in the fire urchins.
Every bubble coral had its orangutan crab. Nudibranchs and flatworms were scattered like confetti over
much of the site. There was always something interesting to be found on the soft corals, among the algae or
in the holes. Rainbow-coloured mantis shrimp would sit up and watch as divers swam past then dart toward
their hole when approached.

Certain areas were covered in the small yellow holothurians (sea cucumbers) that are common in Indonesia as well as an orange and green coloration that I had never seen before. Divers came and went as they pleased all
day changing locations as they learned what others found in their explorations, trading information on critters, their depth and landmarks to find them. On the second dive, I came upon a beautiful orange sea fan perched on a sandy ledge in the wall. It was such a beautiful colour that I searched it carefully for any small creature to use as a subject for a photo composition.

Imagine my surprise when I found three nice-sized pygmy seahorses! I marked the fan with a nearby stick that had fallen from the rainforest above, sticking it vertically into the sand. Other divers were able to locate the
fan and get some photos of these cool ‘pygs’. After a lengthy night dive at the site, we started the long overnight leg of the cruise. Everyone sat down for a dinner of Indonesian specialities inside SMY Ondina’s
air conditioned dining room and lounge.

WAIGEO ISLAND Amazing Landscape and Bird Of Paradise In Papua

Waigeo Island Archipelago Most Popular Favourite Papua Tourism
WAIGEO ISLAND, located in Eastern Indonesia, belongs to the eastern Halmahera-Waigeo "province Papua" (Sukamto et al. 1981) or "terrane" (Hall and Nichols 1990), and its basement rocks consist of ophiolites which are imbricated with Mesozoic deep water sediments and Early Tertiary rocks. During 1974-1979, Indonesian scientists geologically mapped the Halmahera-Waigeo region as part of the second Five Year Development Programme (Sukamto et al. 1981, see also the historical review of geological works), while in 1987, they participated in a joint project with scientists from University College London (UCL).

The mrlange (Hamilton 1979) or ophiolite (Sukamto et al. 1981) is well-exposed in the north part of the island. The diverse lithologies recognized in this sequence include Mesozoic deep sea sediments with red radiolarian cherts, Eocene Discocyclina-bearing limestone, and shallow-water Oligocene limestone containing orbitoids, viz. Lepidocyclina (Eulepidina? and Nephrolepidina), Miogypsina, Cycloclypeus, etc. (Brouwer 1924, Van Bemmelen 1949). Twenty six samples from the island were examined (HYL) in anticipation that the recovered radiolarian fauna would provide the needed age identification for the island, which, in turn, would contribute towards tectonic considerations. This report constitutes the first such radiolarian study from Southeast Asia.

THE ISLAND of Waigeo occupies an intermediate position between the Bird's Head region of Irian Jaya (westernNew Guinea) and the island of Halmahera. It is situated about 75km north of the town of
Sorong in western Irian Jaya, and about 250 km ESE of Halmahera. Waigeo is the easternmost of the islandterranes of the Sorong Fault Zone, a zone of inferred regional left-lateral shear linking northern New Guinea with Sulawesi. The island therefore occupies a critical position in this tectonically complex region and
contributes important evidence towards unravelling the evolution of the NE Indonesia region, and in particular
the relationships between the Halmahera-Philippine arcs on the one hand and New Guinea-Australia on the
other.

During 1987, 1988 and 1990, geologists from University College London and the Indonesian Geological Research and Development Centre (GRDC) carried out geological surveys of Waigeo Island as part of ongoing projects investigating the geology of Halmahera and the Sorong Fault Zone. This paper presents some of the results of this fieldwork. Waigeo is approximately 125km in an east-west direction and up to 50 km from north to south. The most striking geographical feature of the island is the large lagoon of Teluk (Bay) Mayalibit which almost divides Waigeo into two separate islands.


To the east and west of the bay the topography is rugged, but with generally rounded morphology. The highest peak, Gunung (Mount) Samlor, reaches 1000 m. A lesser peak, Gunung Lok, reaches a height of only 670 m, but forms an impressive pinnacle peak, known in Dutch colonial times as the Buffelhoorn.



The Waigeo island is very sparsely inhabited, with the entire population living in coastal villages. The interior of Waigeo is thickly covered by rain forest with only limited geological exposure, but exposure is often excellent around the coastline, particularly on the north coast. Because of the reconnaissance nature of the investigations, fieldwork concentrated mainly on these coastal exposures, and knowledge of the geology further inland is limited to a few river traverses. However, good quality aerial photographs cover most of
Waigeo, and this has permitted the extrapolation of the coastal observations to produce a new geological map
of the island.