Showing posts with label INDONESIAN GUIDE. Show all posts
Showing posts with label INDONESIAN GUIDE. Show all posts

Tuesday, April 26, 2011

Bali Beaches Tourist Places Becoming Conservation

Bali Island with its exotic culture and scenic beauty of beaches and mountains is most popular with international tourists. Bali has beach length ± 430 km and around 18% are coral beach with white sand. However about 64.5 km of the beach length or 15% have been eroded because of the human activity and natural factor. It is giving impact to the environment, also existing infrastructures surrounding it. The tourist industry is centred a round the southern coral beaches of Sanur, Nusa Dua and Kuta which are occupied 6% of the total coastline of Bali. For protecting the own land and beach which are threatening, it is important to do such preservation/conservation efforts especially for the beach area because tourism contribute to the national income.

For the people of Bali, beaches are functioned as religious, recreational, fishery and living places. Considering to the function and value of the beach in Bali is very important and also as a very potential asset, so the eroded process that still happened need to be concerned and a seriously efforts have to carried out by Government and society.

Based on Feasibility Study carried out by the Bali Regional Office of Ministry of Public Work, some areas are categorized experienced serious erosion and become to the priority conservation such as Kuta, Sanur, Nusa Dua and Tanah Lot, To overcome this situation in 1997- 2004, the Government of Republic Indonesia with a Foreign Loan from Japan Banking for International Cooperation (JBIC) under the Urgent Bali Beach Conservation Project carried out the project with major shoreline construction for the whole area in Bali (Tanah Lot, Candi Dasa, Kuta, Sanur and Nusa Dua).

To develop shore protection work for Sanur Beach need Strategy Planning. Strategy Plan is the key whole integrated planning and management process. Strategy Plan involved all the preliminary investigation, data collection, dialogue, negotiation and draft writing that is necessary to enable the government to define the issue (John R Clark,1996). Some strategy plan will be integrated became Master plan and improved ICZM. It is most important assist government to develop guideline for ICZM.

Tourist Attractions in Indonesia Wonder and Natural Beauty

Indonesia is an adventure into a culturally fasinating and wonderfully scenic paradise. The world’s largest archipelago stretches across the equator for more than 5,000 miles and 17,508 islands along the explosively volcanic and incredibly fertile “Ring of Fire”. Tropical Rainforests saturated with vegetation and bursting with life thrive here; eternal snow-capped mountain peaks defy the senses and contrast with exotic white-sand beaches idling in the laps of warm tropical seas; living forests of coral fringe equatorial shores together with a marvelous variety of marine life; orangutans and birds of Paradise share this environment with rare orchids and pre-historic dragons; awesome volcanoes demonstrate their power and strength over remarkably fertile, terraced landscapes; Indonesia, quite literally, provides something for everyone.

 This is the 4th most populous county in the world with over 220 million people from amultitude of ethnic groups, customs, religions and languages. This, in turn, has nourished the arts and preserved ancient tradtions which are expressed through hypnotic music and exquisite dances, super batik, magnificient paintings and remarkable carvings in both wood and stone. Indonesians are indeed united in their diversity and intensely proud of their national and regional history which has helped to shape the archipelago into one of the most culturally prolific countries on earth.

Indonesia is the most volcanic country on earth with almost 4,500 volcanoes creating an incredibly fierce and
impressive backbone to much of the archipelago. Five main island and 30 smaller archipelagoes are home to the majority of the population. The main islands in order of size are; Kalimantan, Sumatra, Papua, Sulawesi and the country’s most populated island, Java. As well as sun-drenched plains, layer upon layer of verdant paddy fields and jungles bursting with life. Indonesia is also home of snow-capped mountains and deserts of sand. “Unity in Diversity” is the national motto and nowhere else is this true than in the nation’s land and its people.


Indonesia has a largely equatorial tropical climate tempered by trade winds. There are only two seasons, the dry season between April and October, the rainy season from November to March. The rainfall varies from island to island and often area to area within the island boundaries. An average of 330 centimeters or 130 inches is found on the island of Kalimantan and 100 centimeters or 40 inches in East Nusa Tenggara. The average daily temperature in the lowlands is about 30 degrees Celcius, and is considrably lower in the mountains.

The majority (about 85%) of the population follows islam. Freedom of religion is implemented by the Indonesian Constitution, However, Which is defined in the first Principle of the State Philosophy “Pancasila”, which upholds a “Belief in One Supreme God.” There are five world religions which have formally been recognized in Indonesia, they are Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Nevertheless other, other faiths are found. especially in isolated societies which have been accepted and are called traditional faith.

There are about 583 languages and dialects spoken in the archipelago. They normally belong to the different echnic group of the population. The variety of those languages has made the Indonesian community determined on a national language at the second Indonesian Youths Congress on 28th October 1928, called “Bahasa Indonesia”. Bahasa Indonesia was the Malay language mainly spoken in the Riau Islands. In all tourist destination areas English is the number one foreign language fairly spoken and written, whereas some Dutch is still spoken and understood in the bigger city’s and French increasing in its popularity at the better hotels and restaurants.

It was the British naturalist Afred Russel Wallace who, during his travels and discoveries across the Malay Archipelago in the last century, noted that deepest sea in the area runs like a deep channel between Bali and Lombok and then follows a line north to Kalimantan and Sulawesi. He suggested that this channel, now called the “Wallace Line”, effectively divides Indonesia into two very clear regions, both displaying significant differences in flora and fauna. This is generally true, but it is more accurate, however, to speak of Indonesia being divided into three distinct zoological and geographical zones which includes a transitional area in the central part of the archipelago.

The Western islands of the Archipelago display predominantly Asian characteristics, which have created orchids and the giant Rafflesia, (a plant which proudly a bloom over 1 meter in diameter). The land is profusely green and supports tigers, leopards, elephants, rhinos and thousands of varieties of birds and insects. As we move further east, the Central islands present a gradual shift from Asian to Australian flora and fauna.

Sulawesi for example, boasts both monkeys and marsupials, while Komodo is home to a pre-historic “dragon” found nowhere else in the world. The Eastern most islands, however, are more indicative of Australasia with bush-like shrubs and hardy plants; brilliantly colored Lorries and Cukatoos begin to replace Barbets and Thrushes and very Australian marsupials become more common place. These wonderfully diverse illustrations of life can be found in the islands of this incredible country, much of which is protected in numerous nature reserves and National parks scattered throughout the archipelago. A constant source of natural beauty and amazing discoveries help to make Indonesia a dream come true.


The expanding of the tourism market following ease of access together with the increased supply of accommodation and amenities over the past two decades has influenced conditions of increased international tourism on a truly worldwide basis. The globalization of the tourism economy implies that the tourism economy represents a great opportunity for economic, social and cultural development for nations. For developing countries such as Indonesia, which have been vigorously promoting the tourism as an important source of economic development, the growth of the respective sector has been particularly impressive.

During the past decade, tourism in Indonesia has been growing rapidly. Currently, tourism has become a highly developed service industry, and a leading earner of foreign exchange for Indonesia. In the year 2001 alone, more than 5.1 million tourists visited Indonesia with expenditure amounting to over US$ 6 billion. Almost every island within the archipelago holds certain uniqueness that stimulates the development of a tourism sector. Islands and provinces such as Jakarta, Bali, Lombok, Batam, Yogyakarta, Solo, Toraja, are just a few among the many icons of the Indonesian tourism industry. For some local economies, this tourism or visitors industry has been the fastest growing and most important industry to date. As an instrument of growth, tourism has significantly influenced more and more local governments in Indonesia to put greater emphasis in developing of a tourism economy in their respective island or province.

Many of the small islands in Indonesia are swiftly changing into tourism dependent economies partly because of (1) most of the islands lack natural resources to exploit for export earnings; (2) their market sizes are too small to develop a feasible manufacturing industry; (3) tourism related industries are regularly small-scale and labor-intensive; (4) the abundance of attractions and arts and culture resources as well as marine resources including beautiful beaches; (5) the close proximity of Indonesia to rich countries and regions such as Australia, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia and Japan given the well-organized transportation networks; and finally these island communities have maintained political stability and hospitality to visitors.

Indonesia is a very large country, consisting of thousands of islands, and the geographical, social and traditional conditions vary widely. As a consequence, the country produces many products with specific local characteristics and market reputations, such as Toraja coffee from southern Sulawesi, Muntok white pepper from Bangka Island, Java kapok from central and eastern Java, Moluccas tuna fish from the Molluca Islands, Deli tobacco from northern Sumatra, Bali vanilla from Bali, Banda nutmeg from Banda Island and Alabio salted duck egg from southern Kalimantan. These products have the potential to obtain protection from a GI system.

Shortly after ratifying the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) Agreement of the World Trade Organization (WTO), Indonesia established its Law 15 of 2001 regarding trademarks, in which GI protection is mentioned in Chapter 56. Since this is a new system in Indonesia, a pilot project was carried out focusing on Arabica coffee in the Kintamani highlands of Bali in order to study implementation aspects of GI protection. Bali coffee was selected for the pilot project because of its reputation for quality, which has been recognized since the early nineteenth century. The taste profile of coffee is considered to be similar to that of wine, inasmuch as its flavour and its quality are highly influenced by locality or terroir, consisting basically of natural factors (soil and climate) and traditional knowledge.


Marine tourism has taken-off in Indonesia in a big way, with the establishment of protected Marine Parks,
professional dive centers, certified dive masters and guides, and some of the most colorful, breathtaking sea gardens anywhere in the world. Magnificent coral reefs, alive with color and set in turquoise seas, support myriad types of fish and other marine life in these warm tropical waters. Some of the underwater drop-offs are awesome and downward visibility can be as far as 30 meters in some areas. A journey into this extraordinarily vibrant underwater world is guaranted to be an unforgettable experience for both snorkellers and scuba divers alike and one that you will want to repeat time and time again.

Indonesian arts and crafts are powerful and wonderul expressions of life, born out of an extraordinarily rich
cultural heritage. Many traditional works of art have been developed in the courts of former kingdoms such as those centered in Java and Bali, forming a integral part of religious ceremonies. The famous “Wayang” theaters from Java and Bali, for example, originate from ancient Hindu mythology and feature portions of the Ramayana and Mahabharata epics adapted to suit local conditions and age-old tradions. Mesmerizing performances can be seen in most places righ across the archipelago and are usually well-attended events.

Rigid discipline and artistry are the hallmarks of dances from Java and Bali, but those of Sumatra, Maluku and most of the other islands (one exception is the Gending Sriwijaya of South Sumatra) are characterized by a more flexible gracefulness and charm, a distinction which is further accentuated by an entirely different, non-gamelan, musical accompaniment. Artistic traditions are actively being preserved in Indonesia in the many art and dance schools which flourish not only in the courts but also in modern, government-run or supervised art academies. The search is continually being conducted for new expressions, better adapted to modern times but still based on old traditions, creating truly dynamic and powerful cultural foundations for the future.

Aromatic spices and a variety of hot chili peppers are the essence of most Indonesian dishes, Rice is an important part of the national diet for most of the archipelago, but in the eastern islands corn, sago, cassava and sweet potatoes are more common. The enormous wealth of the surroundings seas and oceans, as well as fresh water fisheries, provides an abundance of sea food which can be traditionally served in a number of exciting ways, including baked in banana leaves. An extensive assortment of tropical and sub-tropical fruit and vegetables can also be found year-round to tantalize your taste buds.

An extensive transportation network provides access to all but the most secluded of places in Indonesia. Flying is by far the most convenient way of hopping across the archipelago with a choice of flghts from airports in all provincial and district capitals. Garuda Indonesia is the national flag carrier and the most well known Indonesia airline, serving international as well as major domestic trunk routes. Merpati Nusantara has taken over many of Garuda’s domestic routes and now flies to more than 125 destinations all over the country. Other airlines include Bourau which serves major domestic routes as well as international ones to Singapore.

Lion Air, Batavia, Adam Air, Bouraq Air Lines, Garuda Air Ways and Mandala Airlines are also domestic carriers and they complete the archipelago’s comprehensive airline network. Although flying can be quick and convenient it doesn’t really provide some opportunities as traveling overland to experience and feel the quintessential spirit of Indonesia. Trains are available throughout Java and in parts of Sumatra and are invariably enjoyable ways to experience the essence of the country. Comfortable, airconditioned trains are available, particularly on those services that connect Central and East Java with the capital city of Jakarta, including the Bima Trains (via Yogyakarta and Surakarta), the Argo Bromo Anggrek (via Semarang to Surabaya) and teh Parahyangan services (from Jakarta to Bandung).

Local trains are also available but are generally non air-conditioned. Buses are a convenient and relatively cheap way to travel across the fascinating country. Nearly all inter-city buses are fully airconditioned and very comfortable often only stopping for food and fuel. Cars and taxis can be hired of course, and provide perfect opportunities to get off the beaten track and explore independently. An enormous variety of public transport can be found in the towns and cities and as a result a lot of people usually do a lot of traveling! PELNI, the state-owned shipping company now has 30 modern ships, serving all main ports in this archipelago of over 17,508 islands. Regular ferries make island hopping easy and also provide some unique opportunities to experience the beauty of these tropical islands.

Indonesia has always been a seafaring nation and proudly boasts of the last remaining commercial sailing fleet the world. More than 3,000 traditional tallmasted sailing ships, reminiscent of an earlier time, still trade between the islands. The historic port of Sunda Kelapa in Jakarta is home to a large number of these traditional wooden crafts and is alive with color and activity all year round. Definitely worth a visit!

All travelers to Indonesia must be in possession of passport valid for at least six months from date of arrival and have proof (tickets) of onward or return passage. The Government of Indonesia has issued a new regulation concerning the application of visas for foreign nationals to enter Indonesia. Free tourist visas are granted for a period of 30 days to nationals of Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Philippines, Hong Kong Special Administration Region (SAR), Macao SAR, Chile, Morocco, Peru and Vietnam. In conjunction with the new visa policy, The Government of the Republic of Indonesia has issued new regulation with respect to visa-on-arrival (VOA) facilities.

VOA facilities are valid for the citizens of the countries like Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Czech Republic, China, Cyprus, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Laos, Latvia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Maldives, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, New Zeland, Norway, Oman, Panama, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan Territory, Tunisia, The Netherlands, United Arab Emirate, United Kingdom, United States.

There are 14 Airports and 22 seaports across Indonesia that has the VOA facilities. Tourist visas for thirty days can be obtained from any Indonesian embassies or consulates. Two photographs are required and a small fee is charged. For further information please log in to site of Consulate General of the Republic of Indonesia.