Showing posts with label Malaysia. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Malaysia. Show all posts

Tuesday, April 26, 2011

Marble Temple Thai Buddhist The Fifth King Of Bangkok Tourism

The newest of the royal temples in Bangkok, Wat Benchamabopit, or the Marble Temple, was started by King Chulalongkorn in 1901 and was finished 10 years later, just after his death. The name means “Temple of the Fifth King.” It is also one of the most unusual. The architect, a half-brother of the king, made a number of departures from traditional style. The most obvious are the Carrara marble used on the main buildings; the enclosed courtyard; and the curved, yellow Chinese tiles of the roof. Two gigantic marble lions, or singha, guard the entrance to the bot. The marble temple courtyard has a Renaissance quality, with clouds of pigeons that descend to eat bread thrown by visitors.

In the early morning and in the evening when the monks chant in the bot. I n a gallery around the courtyard are 51Buddha images, slightly larger than life-size. All the periods of Thai Buddhist art are represented, as well as art from China, India, Japan, and Tibet. The principal Buddha image is a replica of a famous one in Phitsanulok province called Phra Buddha Chinaraj. Through the rear entrance of the courtyard is a huge Bodhi tree, 70 years old. It was brought as a seedling from a tree in South Thailand that came from Buddha Gaya in India, the Buddha’s birthplace. A canal filled with large turtles, released there by people wishing to earn merit separates the religious buildings from the monks’ quarters where the present King spent his monkhood shortly after his coronation. Towards the front of the monks’ section are the Royal Ordination Pavilions. These buildings were originally located inside the compound of the Grand Palace.

Temple of the Dawn, or Wat Arun, is across from Bangkok in the sister city of Thonburi. It is most easily reached by water-taxi from any of the piers along the river. The closest pier is at Tha Tien, just on the opposite bank, where boats leave frequently in the morning. It has recently undergone major renovations. An older temple, Wat Chaeng, was on this site when King Taksin established his capital at Thonburi, and he used it as the royal temple. In the early years of the 19th century, King Rama II enlarged the temple and raise the central tower from 15 to its present 79 metres, making it one of the tallest religious structures in the country. Because of the soft earth, this engineering feat took years and was completed during the reign of his successor.

The great rounded spire is covered with pieces of multicoloured Chinese porcelain embedded in cement. After the builders ran out of porcelain, Rama III called upon his subjects to contribute any broken crockery they could find to complete the decoration; he was rewarded with thousands of pieces. Visitors can climb halfway up the tower and get a fine view of the temple compound and the river.

Tioman Island And Tioman Marine Park Most Beuty Secenery Pahang Malaysia

Tioman Island is the largest and most developed of the 64 volcanic islands in the Siberut archipelago that make up the Pahang Marine Parks. In 1958, Pulau Tioman was chosen to be James Michener’s fictitious Bali Hai for the filming of the Hollywood classic, “South Pacific.” Since then, Tioman Island or Pulau Tioman, which is easily accessible by air or boat, became a popular tourist attraction especially among underwater explorers.

The Tioman Marine Park is zoned as a sanctuary for the coral reef community and the shallow, still waters near Tioman, such as at the sites of Pirate Reef and Renggis Island, are perfect for training the less experienced diver. Further out to sea, the Tioman Island dive sites such as Chebeh and Tiger Reef, are set in deeper waters where you may encounter challenging currents and also the chance to see larger species.

There is plenty of coral circling most of the island including alyconarian soft corals and multi-colored staghorn coral. You will most likely run into all the usual reef life, the most numerous of which being parrotfish and butterflyfish. The best diving is around the small islets and rocks to the west and north-west where an incredible variety of angelfish and butterflyfish can be found.

The water is clear to a depth of about 30 metres. Turtles and cuttlefish laying eggs are common in July and August. There are some other islands off the east coast that have good diving but are less visited. Dive sites also include over a dozen wrecks mainly scuttled wooden-hulled fishing trawlers.

Tiomand Island The Even CLASSIFIED big wreck fans and technical divers will enjoy Tioman as there are several South China Sea wrecks in the area. These Second World War treasures including the Prince of Wales, the Repulse, Varella and various submarines and battleships lie all around Tioman, normally at a depth of 40 m or more.

Tiomand Island Map

Tenggol Island Favourite Diving and Snorkeling In Trengganu

Tenggol Island The Tenggol group of islands is the most southerly of Trengganu’s Marine Parks. It consists of Tengol Island or Pulau Tenggol, Pulau Nyireh, Tokong Timur, Tokong Talang, Tokong Burung and Tokong Kemudi. The main island, Pulau Tenggol, is about 50 hectors in size and is one of the most beautiful and serene islands off peninsular Malaysia’s east coast. It is also famous for its spectacular rocky cliffs that offer many excellent dive sites of pristine coral formations and a number of submerged rocks with excellent coral growths.

The deep waters surrounding the island offer good visibility especially during the months of April until June. Marine life that can be seen here includes sharks, rays, nudibranch and a wide variety of hard and soft coral. Before being declared a marine park, Pulau Tenggol was a favourite hunting ground for spear-fishermen, particularly for snappers and groupers.

Tenggol Island
is another beautiful diving getaway island just 45 minutes from the coastal jetty in Kuala Dungun. It size is approximately 3km in length and 2km in width. However, this has not prevented it from becoming a paradise for many people especially diving enthusiasts.

Tengol Island In Indonesian and Malaysian Pulau Tenggol lies 14 nautical miles (26 km) off the coast of quiet fishing town of Kuala Dungun, Terengganu, Malaysia. This rocky island about 50 hectares in size, spans less than 3 kilometres in length and 2 kilometres at its widest point, is one of the most beautiful and serene islands off Peninsular Malaysia's east coast, with spectacular rocky cliffs that offer many excellent dive sites. One of the island’s attractions is that it is close to its original state. A virgin island with its white sandy beaches backed by steeply forested cliffs is a pleasant retreat away from the city. Activities range from snorkelling, scuba diving, jungle trekking or just basking under the sun on the white sandy beach.

Tenggol Island Favourite dives include Tanjung Api, Tokong Timur, Tokong Laut, Tanjong Gemuk, and Pulau Nyireh. Average diving depths around Tenggol is about 21 metres whereas the maximum depth is about 35 metres.  The best time to dive at Tenggol is from April to early October where you can expect calmer waters and good weather conditions. Calm and colourful coral gardens with a society of colourful marine life such as whale sharks, bumphead parrotfish, turtles, yellowtail fusilier, nudibranchs, giant clams, stingrays and batfishes. During the months of March till May however, manta rays can also be spotted in the vicinity.

Sipadan Island Paradise Spot Diving In Malaysia

Sipadan Island, Sabah, Malaysia is an internationally renowned SCUBA diving destination. Divers began exploring Sipadan as early as in 1984. It became more famous after Jacque Cousteau released a documentary film on his 1987 expedition about the uniqueness of its coral reefs. Dive operators capitalized on Cousteau’s “rediscovery” to further promote Sipadan at local and international levels. This paper describes the development and changes that took place in Sipadan over the last two decades and the present efforts to manage the thriving SCUBA diving industry there. It discusses the rational and basis of instructing resort operators to relocate or move out of Sipadan, setting the limit/quota of divers to Sipadan and introducing and spreading divers to new dive sites near Sipadan.

For most divers, Malaysian diving means the island of Sipadan off Sabah in Borneo even novices tend to get that glazed look on their faces when the word “Sipadan” is uttered. Sipadan is still a true gem, but the environmental restraints, which always meant that the island had limited space to offer, have recently been increased. Authorities have forced a number of dive operators to vacate their structures on the island. Sipadan, Mabul and Layang Layang are all famous names, but maybe the time has come to take a further look at what Maylasia has to offer? Aside from so many new dive sites just waiting to be discovered, there are also an incredible amount of exciting adventures above water. This country boasts cultural and natural riches like few other territories.

While this Article may be primarily for divers by divers, diving is not just diving anymore. It would be gross negligence not to take at least a brief look at a few of the cultural and land excursions that can be conveniently and easily included in a dive trip to the region. Be it her dense, mysterious rainforests once haunted by head-hunters and now the home of proboscis monkeys, hornbills and of course orang-utans, or the exciting, dynamic capital of Kuala Lumpur, where modernity rubs shoulders with tradition and where you can shop till you drop before exploring the vibrant restaurant scene, or the white sand-fringed resort islands of Penang, Langkawi and Pangkor, with villas built on stilts over the water in the manner of a traditional Malay fishing village all over Malaysia you’ll find coral reefs, tropical jungles and friendly locals who speak English as well as Malay. Borneo is also home to Mount Kinabulu, the region’s highest summit.

In this way, Malaysia can be likened to a treasure trove of adventures. Some gems are already found and polished while others are still waiting to be discovered. It is so hard to choose there are so many good dive operators in the area that it is impossible to be equally fair to everyone who deserves an overview here.

Sipadan Island Sabah has a number of excellent dive spots, with the jewel being the world-famous Sipadan. Its location at the heart of the Indo Pacific Basin makes it one of the richest marine habitats in the world. Here, fascinating sights of turtles, reef sharks and a thrilling 600m drop-off await experienced divers. The island was made famous by renowned oceanographer Jacques Cousteau in his documentary, ‘Ghosts of the Sea Turtle’.

Sembilan Islands and Pulau Jarak Malaysia Best Attractions Diving and Fishing

Further south, near Lumut lies Sembilan Island or Malaysia Pulau Sembilan. The dive sites here are generally more challenging due to the currents and sometimes the visibility is not more than 2-3 metres. Diving depth ranges from 5 m to 40 m. White Rock, which is characterised by a lighthouse, has steep walls to 40 m, where groupers and snappers sleep in the crevices and under overhangs. In the open water, it is not unusual to see barracuda, jacks and other big pelagic species.

Around Saga, Lalang, Rumbia and Buluh, one finds nice reefs with lots of table corals and brain corals as well as tentacle corals. Around the orange daisy corals, it is common to see big schools of damselfish. It is also a good site for coral scallops and nudibranches. Among the prevalent species of fish, we find parrotfish, angelfish, pufferfish, lionfish and moray eels.

Right in the middle of the straits, 40 miles (64 km) off Pulau Pangkor, lies Pulau Jarak, a small uninhabited island that has better underwater visibility due to its remoteness. Dolphins and sailfish have been sighted here, but beyond that there are probably well-kept secrets unknown to everyone but the most hardcore divers.
Divers would do well to exploring this archipelago.

The dive season is busy from November through March, since one can’t dive at all on the east coast during that time. The diving is easy with a maximum depth of 15-20 m in the interesting areas, whereas in the deeper parts, there is mostly sandy bottom. There is one submerged reef off Jarak at about 25 m depth, however the currents can be quite strong there.

Redang Island Paradise Secenery Most Popular Malaysia Tourism

The Redang Archipelago consists of the island of Redang, the much smaller island of Penang and seven tiny islets. This group of islands and a marine park established in 1985 boasts white sandy beaches, crystal-clear water and spectacular coral reefs, which are among the richest in the country, making the area one of the best dive spots in the world. The reefs of the Redang Archipelago are home to over 55 genera of corals, 100 species of fish as well as 52 genera of stony corals, including the largest boulder coral in this half of the country.

Fish to look out for are snappers, jacks, rabbitfish, silver barracudas, clownfish, triggerfish and parrotfish. Turtles are a common sight and you may also spot the occasional cuttlefish, squid and eagle ray. Featherstars, hydroids, black coral, anemones, sea fans and sponges dominate the reefs of Redang. For macro-lovers, there are also nudibranchs, mantis shrimps and occasional Spanish dancers. Green and hawksbill turtles are common. Reef fish are plentiful, and pelagic species, including manta rays and whalesharks, are frequently encountered.

The Redang Island Archipelago’s Big Seamount is considered by many to be the most spectacular dive site in peninsular Malaysia. Lying 50 m north of the island of Lima, it rises from 30 m to within 10 m of the surface and is covered in anemones, gorgonians, tunicates, hard encrusting corals and soft tree corals, with boulder coral, lettuce coral, staghorn coral and acropora table corals.

Terumbu Kiliday excursion and overnight destinations for locals and foreign tourists seeking a quick gateway, as the island is just four nautical miles from Marang. Kapas also seems to have become the refuge of those who want to avoid the Perhentian crowd. Places to stay range from camping sites to dormitories to island resorts with en suite facilities. The only thing that never changes on this island is the constant number of backpackers arriving and departing each day.

Aur Island And Dayang Island Spectacular Diving

Aur Island or Pulau Aur is located 65 km east of Mersing on the east coast of Johor. Together with surrounding islands Pulau Dayang, Pulau Lang and Pulau Pinang, it makes up for about half of Johor Marine park. The blue waters here are deeper than around the inner islands. Due to its remoteness from the mainland, visibility is excellent and sightings of big pelagics are common.

 Historically Aur Island Aur has been known to Chinese sailors for centuries. A map printed in the 17th century, which derived its information from the famous voyages of Admiral ZhengHe in the 15th century, identifies Aur as two island (as indeed it does appear to be from a distance) according to its two peaks, Xi Zhu Shan (west bamboo mountain) and Dong Zhu Shan (east bamboo mountain).

In the 19th Century, Aur harboured a thriving population of about 1,400 inhabitants consisting of fishermen, traders and slaves. The islands were an ideal location for pirates to run their business of pillaging, ravaging, slave trading and even sinking a great number of boats during fierce raids with foreign boats on their way to Indonesia or to Thailand and beyond.

However, cost of boat rentals is high and scuba diving has been possible only in groups pre-arranged by dive shops in Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. Spectacular dive sites include Teluk Teluran with large undulating corals which are home to various octopuses, crabs and moray eels  the Ming dynasty wreck at Teluk Mariam and the wall diving at Pulau Pinang, which is also good for drift diving.

The main kampung on Aur is Kampung Teluk Berhala. Everyone seems to be related to each other.
There's a school, a police station, a small surau, a balai raya and a jetty there. There's also the friendly Makcik Fatimah who owns the only grocery store in the village. It may be small but it is well-stocked. There's also the only public telephone on the island, solar powered and accepts only telephone cards. According to the locals the telephone is unreliable. Further south is another cove called Teluk Sebukang. It's quite hard to reach by foot so a boat ride is advisable. Just go to the jetty and ask any available boatman his schedule. For a price, you can take a boat ride to the nearby island of Dayang or other villages on Pulau Aur Island.

Accommodation is available only on Aur Island and Dayang Island In Malaysian Pulau Dayang and Pulau Aur. Amenities are pretty basic as electricity to the rooms is limited and there is no hot running water. It is a popular getaway for divers based in Singapore for which reason it can be quite busy at weekends. However, you may have the island practically to yourself on weekdays.

Saturday, February 26, 2011

Kapas Island Adventure Diving and Snorkeling Most Popular Malysia

In Pulau Kapas Or Kapas Island, there is an unconformity which is structural planar surface separating younger rock sequence of Kapas Conglomerate above, from older Permo-Carboniferous rock sequence below, Unconformity is an important geological feature because it can explain the geological history of these sequences. The Kapas island Unconformity is very interesting and easy to visit. This feature not only should be preserve but could tell the people about the geological history of the Kapas Island.

The activities that you can do on this island are swimming, snorkelling, scuba diving, windsurfing, fishing, kayaking. Motorised activities such as bannana boats are not allowed here. As you dive or snorkel, you will be able to see colourfulfishes, corals, turtles and other marine creatures within the vicinity of the island. The Duyong was once spotted on thisisland as well. Divers, take note that there is a World War II shipwreck north of Gemia island where you can go for your diving activity.

July and August and the local holidays are the best times to go. An island famous for its clear waters, sandy white beaches and swaying palms, it is relatively isolated. Home to an infinite variety of hard and soft corals, the waters around the island abound with sea-shells, fish and turtles.  The Kpas island's laid back atmosphere is ideal for relaxation but the more adventurous will find it is also a haven for swimming, snorkeling, windsurfing, kayaking, boating and fishing.  Kapas Island has somehow become the refuge of those who refuse or could not join the Perhentian' crowd. The Kapas island is favorite with the local people in the very high season and the public holidays.

Kapas Island or Pulau Kapas is an island 6 kilometers off the coast of Terengganu, Malaysia. Pulau Kapas means Cotton Island and is located about 5 nautical miles or 6km off the shore of Marang, Terengganu. This island is a place where many locals and backpackers go due to its fast accessibility from the jetty. You will be able to reach the island in 10 minutes time by speed boat from Marang Jetty. Marang is located 18km south of Kuala Terengganu, the capital of Terengganu state.

Pulau Kapas (Kapas Island) and its neighbouring island, Pulau Gemia, are two popular World War II shipwreck located five nautical miles offshore. The outer reefs on her seaward side has good dive sites as well. Its shallow water makes it an ideal training ground for divers. Thai fishing boats caught on illegal entry in Terengganu waters are also sunk here as artificial reefs. It has good marine life and coral despite being located so close to the mainland. Fish that populate the area include snappers, rabbitfish, jacks, silver barracudas, triggerfish, clownfish and parrotfish. You may also spot sea turtles, squid, cuttlefish and rays. The reefs here are home to featherstars, hydroids, black coral, anemones, sea fans and sponges as well as manta shrimp, nudibranchs and the occasional Spanish dancer. During the months of April to August, green and hawksbill turtles come onshore to lay eggs. Pulau Kapas has also become a popular place for squid fishing especially
in the month of June.


Kinabalu Park Kinabalu Plateu Kinabalu Water Falls and Mount Kinabalu

Geological mapping in the Kinabalu Park revealed the presence of ophiolite associations at Menggis. The rocks are well exposed along Sg. Kepuakan and Sg. Kikulat. The ophiolite associations, consists of red mudstone, red chert, turbidite and peridotite, which formed part of the Sabah ophiolitic complex . These rock types are separated from each other by thrust faults, which represent an unconformity. The peridotite represent the ancient oceanic crust. Collision between oceanic plate and continental crust near the subduction zone is believed to have formed the thrust faults.

Mount Kinabalu
The ophiolitic rocks were scraped off by the collision and faulting events. The Menggis ophiolite has a high degree of scientific value. This particular rock is very rare in Malaysia and only found in Borneo Island especially in Sabah, and Menggis is the only location of ophiolitic rocks in Kinabalu Park. The scientific value and rarity of the ophiolite associations in Menggis is one of the geological heritages of Kinabalu Park that can enhance geotourism.

Geotourism is a georesource based special activity to explore, appreciate and learn about the beauty of nature focused on geological experience. Geotourism involves visiting geosites, a single or group of geological sites in the field, which has a high degree of heritage, scientific, aesthetic and/or recreation value. Geosites are identified and developed as special destinations for visitors. Most of the geosites for geotourism activities in Kinabalu Park are located along the trail and the main road surrounding the Kinabalu Park Headquarters, Timpohon Gate - Panar Laban trail, Panar Laban and the Kinabalu Plateau area. These selected locations consist of more than one geosites. Around the Kinabalu Park Headquarter the geosites include Kinabalu Parks Wood Fossil, Tenompok Interbeded Sediment, Liwagu Fault Zone, Liwagu Fault Block and the Liwagu Cataclastic Unit.

Kinabalu Water Falls
At the Timpohon Gate - Panar Laban trail, geosites such as the Timpohon Gate Sedimentary Rock, Carson Fall, LayangLayang Peridotite, Mempening Metamorphic Rock and Villosa Porphiritic Granodiorite have been identified. In the Panar Laban area, the geosites include the Laban Rata Til Deposits and Gunting Lagadan Roche Moutonnee. Geosites identified in the Kinabalu Plateau area are Lows Peak, Lows Cirque, St. John U Gully, Western Plateau Hanging Valley, Lows Gully, South Peak Dyke, Ugly Sister Xenolith and Sayat-Sayat Fault. Each geosites has its own geological history and this information contributes
to the overall study of geological evolution in the Kinabalu Park area. Several basic infrastructures such as trails, signboards and guide maps have been prepared and produced to enhance geotourism activity in the Kinabalu Park area.

Geological conservation is an initiative to maintain physical natural resources which have intrinsic, heritage, aesthetic or recreational values to be admired by the present and future generations. Meanwhile geotourism is a special tourism activity that is being developed from the geological conservation efforts for the nature to be experienced and learned based on its geological resources. Apart from that, both activities are potential to expand geoscience information collectively by revaluating the existing and new geological resources. Hence, in
order to develop the geological conservation and implementation of geotourism more systematically, specific frameworks are presented as a guideline.

Both frameworks have similarity because they intersect in terms of approaches. The framework of geological
conservation consists of three major stages namely inventory, classification and utilization while the framework of tourism geology covers inventory, evolution and utilization. Both frameworks can strengthened each other by establishing conservation plan and geotourism plan.

Kinabalu Park area Kinabalu Plateu, Kinabalu Water Falls and Mount Kinabalu

Pantai Pasir Tengkorak Beach Langkawi Tourism Destination

Pantai Pasir Tengkorak Or Pasir Tengkorak Beach
Driving further west along the coastal route will lead to the Pantai Pasir Tengkorak (Skull Sand Beach), which according to local folklore, is due to the casualty from a legendary battle between Garuda and Jentayu. Another local belief has it that there is a giant whirlpool off Pantai Pasir Tengkorak that swallows unwary ships, depositing the skulls of the ill-fated crew on the beach, hence the name Pantai Pasir Tengkorak. Yet another local belief accorded the name to the many casualties resulting from the Siamese attack on Langkawi and the villagers' attempt to defend themselves.

The island in the far distance opposite this Pantai Pasir Tengkorak (Skull Sand Beach) actually belongs to neighbouring country of Thailand. Families picniking along the serene beach of Pantai Pasir Tengkorak. A relaxing grooming session of the Long-Tailed Macaque monkeys.

 The name Pantai Pasir Tengkorak, according to local folklore, is due to the casualty from a legendary battle between Garuda and Jentayu. Another local belief has it that there is a giant whirlpool off Pantai Pasir Tengkorak that swallows unwary ships, depositing the skulls of the ill-fated crew on the beach, hence the name Pantai Pasir Tengkorak. Yet another local belief accorded the name to the many casualties resulting from the Siamese attack on Langkawi and the villagers' attempt to defend themselves.

The waves are beautiful, the beach is soft and sandy, and the entire place is shaded by lush trees like umbrellas overhead. The area has some wakaf or wooden gazebos to relax in, and there are restroom and bathing facilities as well. Have a breakfast picnic, explore the rock pools and discover some really weird-looking sea creatures.

Tanjung Rhu Beach Most Popular Attractions In Langkawi

Hiring our own car for the holiday, we practically roamed every nooks and corners of the Island. Early in the morning we drove to Tanjung Rhu which lies on the northern cape of Pulau Langkawi. Aptly named for its abundance of casuarinas, its enchanting beach affords magnificent views of nearby small islands which can be reached at low tide on foot.

On the northwest corner of the island, near Tanjung Rhu beach, is a large mangrove forest full of wildlife and spectacular natural scenery. It is part of the Kilim Geopark territory. You can take a trip through the mangrove forest by boat. Alternatively, cruising by kayak silently through the channels of maze created by aerial roots and thick fleshy leaves of the mangrove trees to appreciate what these natural living buffer zones mean to the ecology. Wildlife is abundant, and one can observe the bizarre land walking fish, vividly coloured kingfishers, eagles and often otters and dolphins.

Tanjung Rhu Beach Located at the northernmost point of Langkawi Island. On clear days, you can see a number of islands within the Thailand's border such as Ko Turatao and Ko Adang.  The many rocky islands that dot the whole area is worth exploring. Boats can be hired for such a trip. Then there are those subterranean caverns that have made Langkawi one fantastic place for cave exploration. Take your pick of Gua Teluk Udang, Gua Siam and Gua Teluk Dedap if you dont fancy visiting the much talked-about Gua Cerita. The tidal creek behind the beach area is mostly made up of mangrove forests.

Taman Negara National Park Geological History

Since the Taman Negara (National Park) is managed by PERHILITAN (the Department of Wildlife and National Park), it is not surprisingly that their conservation and ecotourism activities are focused more towards the biological eco-system. Though not many people may realize, it is the facts from its physical ecosystem (in which geology is concerned), which helped Taman Negara to be established as one of the oldest legendary forest in the world. Unfortunately, the geological history alone is not sufficient in attracting visitors to appreciate other rocks and landscape of Taman Negara.

Available geological information show that the Taman Negara possessed many interesting geological features to offer its visitors. Among others are the proud peak of Gunung Tahan, Gunung Gagau and its plateau, Gunung Tangga Dua Belas - Gunung Gedung ridge, limestone towers and caves such as Bukit Batu Besar, Gua Telinga, Gua Luas, Gua Daun Menari, Bukit Biwa, Gua Peningat and many others.

The work of rivers had etched and carved the landscape of Taman Negara forming some magnificent rapids and waterfalls, such as Lata Berkoh, Air Terjun Empat Tingkat and many others. Fossils of ancient living forms preserved naturally in sedimentary rocks of Taman Negara for million of years are so valuable.

Among the oldest one are those fauna from Bukit Biwa and Sungai Sepia, aged as old as 265-270 m.a., while flora fossils from Sungai Pertang indicated that the present landforms of Taman Negara is a result of a more than 150 m.a of natural landscaping process. Apart from all these, the Taman Negara is also not deprived of beautiful minerals and crystals one should admire. All these data and many other unexplored geological heritage show that the geotourism concept has got very strong ground and ever ready to be developed in our beloved Taman Negara.
Taman Negara comprised of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks. Jurassic-Cretaceous (I00-180 million years old) continental sedimentary rock built the Gunung Tahan, which is the highest mountain in Peninsular Malaysia. These sedimentary rocks can be divided to three units, the Tembeling Group, Gagau Group and Koh Formation. These rock units were deposited at the same time, but in the different basin.

Taman Negara trail between Kuala Chichir and Gunung Gagau exposed several different lithologic units. Among them are fine-grained sedimentary rocks of Permian age (250-290 m.a.) and coarse-grained sedimentary rocks of Jurassic-Cretaceous age (100-180 m.a.) known as the Gagau Group. The Permian sedimentary rocks are mainly made of massive mudstone and siltstone deposited in shallow marine environment. The Jurassic-Cretaceous rocks are continental deposits, made of thickly bedded to massive sandstone exhibiting well defined cross-bedding and erosional base or channel structures.

The sandstone is a clean sandstone derived from older sandy sedimentary rock as well as granitic rock. The Gagau Group is very competent towards erosion and has undergone very little tectonic deformation. As a result, this rock formed homoclinal ridges with Gagau plateau as part of this unique geomorphic feature.

Taman Negara National Park Map

Telaga Tujuh Water Falls Beautiful Place Of Legend In Langkawi

Telaga Tujuh (Seven Wells)
There were some beliefs that there existed seven wells and others believe that originally it was a well containing seven sprints that were never dry even during the droughts. Today, only a few of the wells remain while the rest lay buried. There are some people who uses water from the well to fulfill their vows. Located along Gunung Mat Cincang in the north-western corner of Pulau Langkawi, this picturesque waterfall is named such because its gushing water stream is broken by a series of seven natural pools.

The highest waterfall of Telaga Tujuh was 91 meter from the sea and the flow rate of the water in this waterfall was high due to the water was flow from the mountain peak. There had a legend said that Telaga Tujuh was a popular place to bath for the fairy from the mountain. The main reason of Telaga Tujuh became popular because it located far away from human being. The existence of the fairy had made the surrounding of the Telaga Tujuh smell sweat. Some said that the smell was come from the ingredient they used to wash their hair.

According to the legends, the fairies could not resist the charm to visit this beautiful place and that's why, they decided to make it their bathing place. In fact, the surrounding shrubs and plants around the pool are said to have been left by them. If you really want some adventurous trek, take a short climb to the top of the waterfalls. On your way through the rainforest, you will see many exotic creatures like long-tailed macaque monkeys and cream colored squirrels.

Langkawi Geopark The Unique In Sense 99 Islands

Langkawi Geopark is Malaysia’s fi rst established geopark located in the far northwestern corner of Peninsular Malaysia. Located in the state of Kedah, the Langkawi Geopark is unique in the sense that it comprises 99 islands that formed the legendary Langkawi archipelago. Langkawi has already been established as Malaysia’s premier tourism destination, jumpstarted originally by the declaration of Langkawi as a duty-free island in 1987. The establishment of Langkawi Geopark by Kedah State Government, Malaysia in May 2006 and endorsement by the United Nations Educational, Scientifi c and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) under the Global Geoparks Network on 1st June 2007, marked on milestone both in the pursuit of geoheritage conservation as well as the enhancement of nature tourism potential.

Field visits organized for the participants to get to know about the various of components of Langkawi Geopark. Since this visit does not only promote geology, it is called the geopark exploration. It aims to provide everyone greatest chance to explore nature and people of Langkawi with slogan. “To know Langkawi is to Love Langkawi”.

Langkawi Geopark is accessible by air from Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), also Penang and Subang Airport or from Singapore. Malaysia Airlines fl y 5 times a day to Langkawi International Airport through KLIA. The low-fare Air Asia and Firefl y off er direct fl ight to Langkawi through Low Cost Terminal (LCCT) and Subang International Airport while Silk Air off ers direct fl ight from Singapore.

Tasik Dayang Bunting Magig Legend Of Langkawi Favourite Malaysia Tourism

Dayang Bunting Island or Pulau Dayang Bunting or Island of the Pregnant Maiden, is situated southwest of Langkawi island, next to Pulau Tuba (Tuba Island). Pulau Dayang Bunting is the second largest island in the Langkawi archipelago, which is made up of 99 tropical islands.

Shrouded in green tropical forest, Pulau Dayang Bunting is a must-stop for an island-hopping excursion around Langkawi. In the centre of the island lies a large and beautiful lake called Tasik Dayang Bunting (Lake of the Pregnant Maiden) which is enclosed by forest-covered hills. Several legends surround the origin of this lake. One of the most popular legend tells of how the lake's reputed power to cure infertility came about when it was blessed by a fairy princess. The fairy princess fell in love and married a mortal prince. The couple conceived a child soon after, but lost the child not long after birth. It was believed that the couple chose the lake area to bury their child and the fairy princess blessed the lake so that any woman who has difficulty to conceive will be rewarded and blessed with a child if she drank the water from the lake.

History and Legendary
Another prominent Langkawi legend is a story of a pregnant maiden or Dayang Bunting. The legend is intricately intertwined with the amorous exploit of Mat Teja, a male genie, and Mambang Sari, a beautiful female sprite. Mambang Sari and her maids loved to frolic at a cove called Teluk Lawak. One day, as he was passing through, Mat Teja caught a glimpse of Mambang Sari and was struck by her beauty that he instantaneously fell passionately in love. Fearing his love might not be reciprocated he sought Tok Dian’s advice, the local sage (Dian is old Malay for candle). To win her heart, Tok Dian informed Mat Teja to wipe his face with mermaid tears. After following the instructions diligently, Mat Teja swiftly sought after the love of his life. When Mambang Sari saw him, she fell in love immediately and before long, they were happily married.

During her pregnancy, Mambang Sari sojourned at a serene lake, now famously known as Tasik Dayang Bunting or Lake of the Pregnant Maiden. Soon it was time for Mambang Sari to give birth but the baby died seven days later. In intense sorrow, she laid the body to rest in the deep lake. Since then, villagers began to associate the lake with magical powers. They believed the lake’s water possessesed mystical ability of healing
barren women.

As time went on, another legend that is closely connected to the magical powers of the lake emerged. A powerful King came with his hunting entourage. Upon reaching the lake, Dayang Telani, the King’s maid drank from it. Suddenly, tempestuous wind, thunder and lightning raged across the land. Soon after, Dayang
Telani was expecting but the King was furious because her child was not naturally conceived. As a punishment, she was sent to reside alone at the lake and there she gave birth to a handsome boy.

One day, she spotted a boat and as she longingly looked on, her toddler accidentally drowned in the lake. In her distress, Dayang Telani pleaded with the magical force of the lake to save her boy and take her instead. Immediately, at the very spot the boy drowned, emerged a white crocodile and Dayang Telani was instantly transformed into a rock, now known as Batu Dayang or Maiden Stone, which looks like the shape of a maiden lying on her back. Locals also believe the white crocodile occasionally seen guarding the lake is actually Dayang Telani’s son. Though many have allegedly caught sight of the white crocodile, it is held that only the pure and innocent may do so.

Located in an island south of Langkawi, Tasik Dayang Bunting is Langkawi’s largest freshwater lake. Equipped with modern conveniences, the lake is a cool and enjoyable destination for picnics, water biking, swimming, canoeing or just basking in the lushness of its surrounding beauty.

Getting There
By Plane
Langkawi's airport is called the Padang Matsirat airport, located about 20km from Kuah town. Daily direct flights from Kuala Lumpur are available via Malaysia Airlines.

By Rail
Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) connects Kuala Lumpur to Alor Setar and Arau towns in Kedah. From these towns, you can catch a taxi or a bus easily to Kuala Kedah or Kuala Perlis respectively and catch a ferry to Langkawi.

By Boat
From Kuala Kedah (1 hour 15 minute ride):
Lada Holdings, Nautica Ferries, Samavest, Langkawi Ferry.

Pangkor Island The Beautiful Island In Malaysia Favourite Tourism

Pangkor Island (Pulau Pangkor), one of the most popular holiday destination in Perak, welcomes visitors with its serene golden beaches, crystalline blue waters and cool refreshing breeze. Located off the shores of Lumut town, about 90km southwest of Ipoh, this island definitely makes an ideal gateway. Modern facilities and a wide range of sun and sea activities such as scuba diving, windsurfing, fishing, and snorkelling are available.

The name Pangkor actually originates from the Thai word 'Pang Ko' meaning 'Beautiful Island'. This is a very apt description for this island in the sun. The people of Pangkor are mostly fishermen (who catch mainly cuttlefish and anchovy) and local traders who live in a chain of villages that thread along the eastern shores facing the mainland. Spread along the 7-km stretch of coastline are the quiet Malay kampungs (villages) of Teluk Dalam, Sungai Pinang Kechil, Kampung Masjid, Teluk Kechil and Teluk Gedung.

Other notable sites in Pangkor Island are:

Pangkor Batu Bersurat
Batu Bersurat literally means 'the Stone of Inscriptions'. Carved on this particular huge bolder are sketches of a tiger carrying a child, two round-shaped leaves along with the letters,'If Carlo 1743' and 'VOC,' an acronym for the Dutch East India Company . The sketches were believed to be the work of grieving soldiers in memory of a Dutch dignitary's son who went missing whilst playing near the stone in 1743, during the reign of Sultan Muzaffar Syah III (1728-1756). One version of the tale was that some of the Malays and Bugis, who disliked the Dutch for ill treating the locals, kidnapped and killed the boy.

Another version claimed that a tiger ate the boy. From that day, the rock came to be known as the `Batu Bersurat` or `The Rock of Inscriptions'. The rock measures about 10.7m long and 4.6m wide and stands 4.3m tall.

Dutch Fort In Pulau Pangkor Island

Located at Teluk Gedung village, south of Pulau Pangkor, the 330-year-old stone foundation of a Dutch Fort built in 1670 remains one of the Dutch Fort strongholds against pirates and local Malays. Actually, during the Dutch occupation in the 17th century, tin supplies from Pangkor and the mainland were stored in this fort.

As time passed by, the locals who were unhappy with the treatment of the Dutch destroyed the fort sometime in 1690. This is not the end because the Dutch then returned in full force to rebuild the fort. Following that 60 soldiers were commissioned to protect the fort until 1743, when it was finally abandoned after a local warrior, Panglima Kulub, and his followers attacked it. Later in 1973, the National Museum undertook its reconstruction to restore as much as possible the remains of the fort and retain its historical significance and heritage.

Pangkor Laut

A privately owned island, Pangkor Laut is the second largest of the nine islands that make up Pulau Pangkor. Pangkor Laut mirrors the dream of a tropical paradise with white beaches and crystal clear waters. An exclusive luxurious resort named after the island stands on the eastern side of the island. Part of the resort is nestled within the lush hillside while part extends over the water.

The outstandingly beautiful Emerald Bay lies on the western side of the island. The name is probably derived from its emerald-green water, and combined with the soft, white sand that covers the stretch of beach and the green vegetation that form the backdrop, it's no surprise this beach is regarded the finest beach in Perak.

Pangkor Island Guide Getting There
The only way to Pangkor by sea is via the Lumut Ferry Terminal. It takes approximately 40 minutes by ferry from Lumut Ferry Terminal to Pangkor Island; the fare is RM4. However, if you are a guest at the Pangkor Island Beach Resort, then your ferry ride costs RM6, as you will be docking at a private jetty on the north side of the island. Pangkor is also accessible by air. The airport is located at Teluk Dalam and it can accommodate only light aircraft. Berjaya Air has one flight on Fridays and Sundays from Kuala Lumpur.

Pangkor Island Map