Showing posts with label Malaysia. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Malaysia. Show all posts

Saturday, February 19, 2011


PULAU PAYAR MARINE PARK Located at just 35km south of Langkawi is the little piece of heaven for tourist, divers and marine life. Georgeous coral gardens that is home to a vast diversity of magnificent corals and tropical fishes gives divers and snorkellers an opportunity to discover the incredible creation of the ocean Come, explore, snorkle and dive away in the ocean with abundant of sea wonders waiting to be discovered. The thriving marine life and vegetation here makes for an exciting snorkelling and diving experience. Visitors can also choose to feed baby sharks or take a swim by the beach.

Coral reefs conservation has been the subject of global interest since 1980s (McManus, 1988; McClanahan & Muthiga, 1988; Sadovy 1989, 1997; Roberts & Polunin, 1993). With the declining trend in the fish stock of major world fisheries due to overexploitation and deterioration of coastal habitats, many countries have opted for other management strategies to support existing conventional management measures. As a result, more conservation efforts were implemented to replenish fish population and to rehabilitate coastal habitats.

In Malaysia, several marine protected areas (MPA) in the form of marine parks and fisheries protected areas have been created since 1983 (Hiew 1998, Najib et al, 2002). At the beginning, besides creating the marine parks, more conservation efforts were concentrated on the rehabilitation of coral reef ecosystem, through the construction of artificial reef through out the country. Research on the artificial reef were confined to construction aspects such as better design, suitable material and finding suitable sites for the reef to be launched.

The construction of the artificial reefs was then slowed down in the 1990's. Beside discouraging outcomes like coral encrustation, more studies found that the reef acts just like other fish aggregating devices (FAD) that aggregates surrounding fishes rather than generating new fish biomass. It seems that the natural coral reef ecosystems cannot be replaced by the artificial one, and protecting the natural coral reef ecosystems through the creation and establishment of marine parks as a conservation measure was opted.

Coral reef fish are also sampled using various fishing gears, such as hook-andlines, traps and drift nets (Ahmad et al., 1996; Ruhana, 1999). The hook-andlines is the most common method applied. The catch rate is the most popular index used to represent the fish abundance, and the unit of measurement frequently used is the number of fish caught per unit of effort.

Although many studies on the coral reefs fish population have been conducted prior to and after the establishment of the marine parks (DeSilva and Rahman, 1982; Ibrahim and Zaharuddin, 1988; Norhayati, 2000), several key issues remain unanswered. One of the key questions is on the effectiveness of the parks in enhancing the biomass of exploited species inside the parks. Diversity analysis based on the species list for example, only shows how diverse an ecosystem is, but does not show how productive the ecosystem is. Research on productivity using fishing gears fails to show changes in the fish biomass inside
marine parks.

While the benefits of marine parks in protecting and enhancing the abundance of exploited species inside and outside of the parks are well documented elsewhere (Roberts & Polunin, 1991; DeMartini, 1993; Sladek & Roberts, 1997), these outcomes are yet to be shown here. The key answer to these questions can be obtained through quantitative assessment of the coral reef fishes. As far as Malaysia is concerned, there is no quantitative assessment of the coral reef fishes. Through the quantitative assessment, the biomass of the reef fishes can be estimated. Just like in the demersal fish stock assessment where the biomass is estimated through demersal resource surveys, the reef’s fish biomass can then be monitored over time. As such, any positive or negative effect of creating the marine parks can be ascertained.

Sunday, February 13, 2011

Langkawi Island Popular Malaysia Tourism Guide

Officially known as the „Jewel of Kedah‟, Langkawi, is an archipelago that consists of 99 tropical islands lying off the north-western coast of Malaysia close to Perlis and just south of Thailand. It has become a favourite holiday destination for both local & foreign tourists, with its great beaches as one of its strongest attractions. It is also the hub of shopping activities with numerous duty-free outlets. Wish to leave the hustle city to enjoy cultural and nature-based activities or even laze by the beach? Langkawi will be the best gateway for doing everything or nothing at all.

Langkawi‟ weather is generally hot & humid with a definite rainy season. Temperatures remain fairly consistent throughout the year. 30°C to 35°C during day time and 28°C to 29°C at night. The hottest month of the year is February, and the coolest month is October, but the variation is not really noticeable. During the raining season which falls in September to October, one can experience an average of 2 hours rain per day. Therefore, visitors can visit Langkawi anytime throughout the year.

Eagle Square
It is Langkawi‟s most prominent landmark situated near Kuah Jetty. The square is beautifully landscaped with scenic ponds, bridges and covered terraces, and is especially beautiful when illuminated at night. Its main attraction is the magnificent huge statue of the reddish brown eagle. Legend has it that Langkawi is named after this magnificent bird, „Lang‟ meaning bird and „Batu Kawi‟ meaning brown stone.

Lagenda Park
This beautiful park is an open-air garden museum that highlights the many myths and legends of Langkawi including the legends of heroic giants and mythical birds. It consists of 17 story-telling monuments, 4 artificial lakes and a man-made beach which provide a picturesque and fitting backdrop for buildings showcasing Langkawi's rich cultural heritage.
In and Out of Langkawi From Kuala Lumpur City :

1. By Air
a) From KLIA (Kuala Lumpur International Airport) 
Malaysia Airline provides few direct flights to Langkawi Island in daily basis. The fares vary depending on the peak or non-peak seasons. You may purchase the flight ticket on-line or at the service counter in KLIA. The whole journey takes about 1 hour.

b) From LCCT (Low Cost Carrier Terminal)
Air Asia and Firefly Airline are the two main budget carriers which have direct flights on a daily basis. It takes 1 hour from LCCT to Langkawi International Airport. Tickets can be purchases in advance through internet or at the airport counter.

2. By Rail
Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) or Malayan Railway provides economical and comfortable rail services from Kuala Lumpur to Alor Star, Kedah and Arau, Perlis. From these points take a taxi or bus to Kuala Kedah and Kuala Perlis for your ferry to Langkawi Island.

3. By Bus
There are several bus services such as Transnasional Express, Starmart Express, Plusliner and Konsortium at Puduraya Bus Terminal. The fares range MYR 40 – MYR 50 per trip; journey takes approximately 6 - 7 hours to Kuala Kedah Jetty. Take Express Ferry Service to Langkawi Island.

4. By Ferry
The Express Ferry provides regular daily services to Langkawi local jetty. The whole journey takes about 1 hour and 15 minutes. It cost approximately MYR 23 (Adult) and MYR 17 (Children). Other options for travel to Langkawi include ferries from Kuala Perlis (Perlis) and Satun (Thailand). Several companies offer ferry service, so there‟s rarely a problem getting a seat. All boats arrive at the main ferry terminal in Kuah.

Getting around the city
1. Taxi
Throughout the island, taxis can be easily found and chartered as per your convenience and they are unmetered but the fare is inexpensive. The fares are set for destinations around the island. You can also rent taxis by the hour or daily for touring the island. The cost is about RM15 and hour, negotiable and depending on the amount of driving involved.

2. Langkawi Vehicles Rental
Cars can be rented easily either at the airport, jetty or around Kuah Town. The cost will be around RM 80 to RM 150 per day, depending on the age and model of the vehicle. Motorcycles and bicycles are also plentiful and is a great way to tour around Langkawi. Please be advised that an international driving licence is required for car rental.

LANGKAWI The Lighthouse Restaurant & Bar
Set in a Mediterranean-style building overlooking the emerald sea, it serves Mediterranean and Malaysian cuisine that will delight your taste buds. There is also an alfresco dining arrangement by the beach from where you can enjoy the stunning seascape of the crimson sunset. You can wash it all down with a comprehensive selection of wines. This restaurant is open for all day dining but the dinner is not to be missed!

LANGKAWI Tulsi Garden Restaurant & Bar
Love spicy and hot food? Head to Tulsi and experience the taste of modern Indian cuisine with its Indian interior in a small village house. Enjoy serenity while dining in a romantic atmosphere set by its oil map, that make it ideal for that romantic candlelight dinner and shady balcony.

Sun Café is the place to be for great food situated in Pantai Tengah. A contemporary restaurant with a local flair, Sun Café is very popular among tourists and locals alike. Try the Grilled Barracuda with honey and lemon that is freshly caught off the local shores. End your meal with its house specialty, Crème Brulee, which will make you go back for more.


Pulau Langkawi is located on the south-eastern tip of the island, about 16 km from the Langkawi International
Airport. It is a duty-free zone and Kuah, being the main town, is the thriving centre of modern hotels and shopping-cum-business complexes. It has many duty-free shops offering a wide variety of goods. Dataran Lang (Eagle Square) is Kuah’s most prominent landmark. Situated near the Kuah jetty, one can never miss the 12-metre high statue of a reddish brown eagle majestically poised for flight.

The eagle is symbolic of the Island as its name is derived from the word “lang” which is malay for eagle. The well landscaped square features scenic ponds, bridges, covered terraces, restaurants and barrel vaults. It’s close proximity to the sea makes it ideal for leisurely walks as well as permeates a tranquil setting for dining in the cool evenings.

This lively town has numerous duty-free outlets, handicraft centres as well as restaurants offering a variety of local and international cuisine. Located nearby are Dataran Lang and Taman Lagenda. Taman Lagenda is a very scenic park with beautiful gardens of vivid local blooms, plants and fruit trees - providing a picturesque and fitting backdrop for buildings showing Malaysia's rich cultural heritage. Within the park, there are some fine examples of traditional Malaysian handicraft and cultural objects.