Showing posts with label VIETNAM. Show all posts
Showing posts with label VIETNAM. Show all posts

Monday, November 28, 2011

Nha Trang Vietnam’s Popular Beach

Nha Trang is one of Vietnam’s popular beach getaways. The town itself is small, with fishing as a primary industry. Fishing boats painted bright red and blue provide a splash of color to the rustic harbors. A short drive into the countryside reveals rural farming villages nestled in the verdant valleys of gently sloping mountains. Nha Trang With its sparkling bays, coco palms, warm waters and white sand beaches.

Nha Trang Beach has a rich historical past, and was formerly the center of the ancient Kingdom of Champa, The kingdom dominated the region from the 2nd century A.D. until the 15th century when they were defeated by the Ly Dynasty, founders of the independent Vietnamese state. Tower ruins of this civilization have survived the years, and are located just north of town.


Nha Trang Beach

The Cham Towers, which represent a holy place where many come to pray, explore or relax while enjoying the views sit atop a hill overlooking the Cai River estuary. In 1891, Dr. Alexander Yersin, a French immunologist, founded Xom Bau Village where fishermen migrated, making it a bustling and crowded village. Quickly, more and more people began migrating to the new town and a local government was established. The small village, later named Nha Trang, is now the capital of the Khanh Hoa province and has a population of approximately 300,000 inhabitants.


Nha Trang
The town’s four-mile stretch of beach, with white sand and warm Caribbean-like waters, made this a popular spot for U.S. servicemen stationed here during the Vietnam war, and today attracts local vacationers plus a handful of westerners.


Nha Trang

Nha Trang Whether exploring downtown, the countryside, or just relaxing at the beach, you’re sure to enjoy the warmth and friendliness of the people and the simple and relaxed atmosphere of this town.

Ha Long Bay World Heritage Wonder Scenery

Ha Long Bay, in the Gulf of Tonkin, includes some 1,600 islands and islets, forming a spectacular seascape of limestone pillars. Because of their precipitous nature, most of the islands are uninhabited and unaffected by a human presence. Nevertheless, while the site’s outstanding scenic beauty is complemented by its great biological interest, fuel and oil, garbage and the raising number of tourists have created serious pollution impacting both the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem of the islands.

The main goal of the camp is to raise the awareness of the local population about the preservation of the natural site of Ha Long Bay by running and promoting concrete activities to protect its environment. Local youth and tourists will constitute the main target group of the non-formal education actions that will be organised by the international and local young volunteers, with also a focus on University students from the capital as potential actors of change.

Ha long Bay
Choosing activities that give visibility to the youth efforts to preserve World Heritage the camp also aims at sensitising the local government on the important role that young people can play for the promotion and protection of Ha Long Bay. The involvement of local environmental organisations aims at multiplying the positive impact of the first World heritage camp held in 2008 and guarantees an important role to the local community to develop and implement long-term strategies in heritage conservation.

Volunteers will run a series of demonstrative actions, from planting 100 trees in Ha Long to a bicycle ride to promote environmentally friendly transportation among tourists and locals, and to garbage collection along Ha Long beaches. Two World Heritage exhibitions will take place in Ha Long high schools during the camp and will also be relayed by similar activities in the main Universities of Hanoi, thus creating bridges between the country’s capital and its natural heritage. A video workshop to film the different actions will also complement and give visibility to the activities carried by the volunteers.


Ha Long Bay

While by the end of the project the exhibitions will have provided high school and university students with a deeper knowledge of World Heritage and the current situation of Ha Long bay, the demonstrative actions will have contributed raising the awareness of the local population and the tourists visiting the site. As the process required to organise such a diverse set of activities and will have required intense partnership building and cross-sectorial cooperation, the environmental organisations, local and national authorities and schools and universities brought together by this project will constitute an important network to support the work of the site manager in preserving and promoting the site.

Wednesday, June 29, 2011

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Hanoy Vietnam Tourism Memorial

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Complex Hoan Kiem District Houng Vuong & Le Hong PhongWithin an enormous concrete cubicle, surrounded by guards in bleached-white uniforms, lies Ho Chi Minh's embalmed body - despite his request to be cremated. It's a free tour, and it's interesting to see how the visitors - from elderly VC comrades on a pilgrimage from South Vietnam to foreign student groups - react to the sight of old Uncle Ho.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

The Ho Chí Minh Mausoleum in Vietnamese Lăng Chủ tịch Ho Chí Minh is a large memorial to the Vietnamese leader in Hanoi, Vietnam. It is located in the center of Ba Ðình Square, which is the place where Ho read the Declaration of Independence on September 2, 1945, establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Day Nigh

Most of the visitors to this complex are Vietnamese making pilgrimage to show their deep admiration and respect to Ho Chi Mihn. Uncle Ho, as he is often called, is a communist leader who is revered at the liberator of the Vietnam from Colonialism At the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum has Uncle Ho preserved and laid out under glass for display in grand Communist Style resembling the Mausoleums to Chairman Moa, Lenin and Stalin. The corpse was in Russia for “maintenance” while we were there so we were unable to go inside. I heard its quite something to see so please don’t miss it.

Cat Ba Island and Cat Ba Langur Amazing Island in Vietnam

The Cat Ba Archipelago is in the worldfamous Ha Long Bay, a spectacular karst formation that was invaded by the sea. Cat Ba Island and the surrounding area are nationally and internationally recognized for their importance to biodiversity conservation. Cat Ba National Park was established in 1986. It presently covers more than half of the main island. The Cat Ba Archipelago (some 1,500-2,000 large and small islands, cliffs and rocks) was designated a UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Reserve in 2004.



Cat Ba Island
Despite this, nature and wildlife protection on Cat Ba Island is deficient, though awareness as well as partnership and commitment with the local communities are slowly increasing. However, efforts
to effectively conserve the langurs and their habitat face major obstacles due to the need to better address the local community’s aspirations for development, and due to the steadily increasing human population, besides persistent, severe deficiencies in law enforcement. As elsewhere in the region, poaching is driven by increasingly attractive commercial gains in satisfying the immense local and regional demand for wildlife and animal parts.

Cat Ba Island

The strictest protection regime possible is necessary for the survival of all the mammals and other species on Cat Ba that are, like the langurs, targeted by the Asian wildlife trade. Cat Ba Island is the largest island in the Bay and approximately half of its area is covered by a National Park, which is home to the highly endangered Cat Ba Langur. This golden-headed langur is rarely seen, as fewer than 100 specimens are thought to survive in the wild, although it is the subject of a well-organised conservation programme. The Park covers both land and marine areas and has a high biodiversity, although it is at risk from too rapid an increase in tourism. Other mammals in the Park include civet cats and oriental giant squirrels.

Golden-headed langur-Cat Ba Langur

A conservation program for the golden-headed langur on Cat Ba was initiated in November 2000 by the Zoologische Gesellschaft für Artenund Populationsschutz (ZGAP), München, and Allwetterzoo Münster, Germany. The aim is to provide for their protection, reduce population fragmentation, and contribute to the conservation of the biodiversity on Cat Ba Island in collaboration with Vietnamese
authorities.

Vietnam and Haipong City Destinations Tourism Info

 Vietnamese responses to date have been mostly administrative. There has been no general shift in strategy in order to adapt to current conditions. As a result, provinces like Quang Ninh, indicate that they will be slowing down implementation of previous plans rather than revisit the basic assumptions that gave birth to those plans. This kind of response will waste scarce time and resources and will prove to be a terrible mistake.

A strategic approach to industrial Tourism development in the study area might look something like the following:

1. Hai Phong City Tourism continues to play the central role as provider of transport and port services throughout the North. Continued development of the private sector leads to growth of light industry for export, particularly in shoes and garments. "Special Economic Zone" status may promote further development of light industry and the private sector. Local government and foreign sector focus on upgrading port facilities in order to support growing demand. Improved transportation links between Hai Phong/Do Son and Cat Ba Island increase the potential for tourism in Ha Long Bay.


2. Dong Trieu/Uong Bi will take advantage of organic growth along Route 5. Upgrading connections between this area and the Rte. 5 corridor will create opportunities to develop light industry. Upgrading infrastructure connections between Dong Trieu/Uong Bi and Rte 5 will bring this area into the economic life and activity of the northern Red River Delta.


3. Mong Cai on the Chinese border will continue to play a very important role in developing trade with China. Mong Cai can take advantage of its beach areas in order to expand possibilities as a destination for Chinese tourism. Once Mong Cai gets "Free Trade Status" in a 15km radius of Mong Cai town, then Mong Cai will develop processing industries, based upon Chinese and domestic investment, for export to China and beyond.

4. Cam Pha will continue to be dominated by coal and the coal-related sectors for the near future. The coal sector will add little to Quang Ninh's future incremental growth. In employment terms, the coal sector will lose jobs as it seeks to become more efficient and competitive. Unemployment will become an increasingly important issue in this region.

5. Ba Che/Tien Yen/Quang Ha are among the poorest districts in Quang Ninh Province with high percentages of minority peoples. There are opportunities to raise income through tea growing, but suitable land is limited. Economic and industrial development in these areas will require special attention from local and central government.

6. Ha Long City will not become a major destination for light or heavy industries. Port services will not play an important role in incremental growth. Rather, Ha Long Town will find itself relying exclusively on tourism and services for future growth. Rapid development of the tourism sector will be necessary in order to absorb redundant employment from Vinacoal. In tourism, Ha Long can focus its tourism services in order to cater to Chinese tourists. In other tourist markets, Ha Long will have to increasingly compete with Hai Phong for tourists. Ha Long may benefit from some of Mong Cai’s tourism and trade success if Quang Ninh completes an upgrade of Rte18A between Ha Long and Mong Cai.

Vietnam Map

Hai Phong is located in the Red River Delta and as such it has easy access to other provinces in the delta and has long-standing connections to the national economy. Hai Phong is a large urban area with developed infrastructure and serves as the main port for the northern part of Vietnam. While local authorities would like to invest heavily to develop heavy industry, Hai Phong is (relatively speaking) outward-oriented and has an increasingly dynamic private sector focused on developing the exportable sports shoe market.

Quang Ninh, on the other hand, is an ‘old company town’ with little private sector activity and strong planning tendencies. Economic activity in the province is dominated by the centrally-owned VINACOAL Corporation. Local authorities are convinced that their future success depends on the development of heavy industry, specifically coal, cement and steel. Light industry does not play a role in provincial economic planning. The Northeast region, where Quang Ninh is located, has few direct connections to the economic life in the Red River Delta, but has a rapidly growing connection to China.

Quang Ninh Tourism is well-known for the Ha Long Bay World Heritage Site. The province has set a target of attracting one million tourists by the year 2011. Though Quang Ninh also has other tourist sites in Tra Co beach and the Yen Tu Pagoda, nearly all tourist investments, activities, and revenues are currently from Ha Long City. According to provincial statistics, the number of tourists grew at an average annual rate of 39% from 2010 to 2011 or a six-fold increase in six years. An average annual rate of 52% growth in revenue was reported during the same period. The fast growth in revenue might reflect the obvious improvement in hotel accommodation.

There are obvious contradictions that need to be dealt with. Current policies will tend to exacerbate rather than ease foreign exchange shortages for the next few years. In order to support current policies, the government will have to pursue a set of trade restricting policies. This, at a time when Vietnam is committed to reducing trade barriers. However, if the government, at the provincial and central levels, takes advantage of the current opportunity to stop bad projects and redirect energies into more productive areas, then the situation need not be as bleak. This will require a wholesale reworking of present development strategies.

Making such a strong break with the past will not be easy however. There are important domestic political interests at stake and weaning them from their current ways will take not only sound economic policies, but also strong political will.

From official lenders, to the central and provincial governments, to the financial system, incentives are skewed to select bad investment projects and misallocated scarce resources to non-economic, inefficient sectors. If government policy continues to support an import-substituting, heavy industry strategy, then the future may not be bright. There are at least several years of excess capacity in heavy industrial products, both domestically and in the region.


Through the years there have been few improvements in tourism services beyond increasing the number of hotel rooms. A few attempts to diversify tourist activities such as air-tours or speed-cruises have failed. In fact recent infrastructure improvements that were hoped to provide better access for tourists to Ha Long seem to have had an unforeseen negative impact. Average length of stay in 1990-91 was 1.9 days. It is now just 1.5 days. Surprising as it may be, tourism still represents a very small fraction of the province’s total economic activity. In 1994 tourism contributed only 1% to total GDP of the province. The sector reports revenue per tourist at less than US$20 per visitor (with very little growth over the past five years).

With 370,000 tourists (excluding Chinese tourists to Mong Cai) in 1996 and growth of 10% from 1995, tourism in Quang Ninh needs to grow at 30% a year from 1997 to 2000 to reach the target of one million. Quang Ninh has only begun to get access to the Chinese tourist market. Since the border opening in 1989, this market has been growing quickly with 300,000 Chinese expected to cross the Mong Cai border this year. However, only 40,000 of these tourists will actually leave Mong Cai to come to Ha Long, where they tend to spend $50 per day (more than double average revenue). The rest return to China after spending the day in Mong Cai and Tra Co beach. The challenge for Quang Ninh's tourism sector will be to encourage larger and larger percentages of Chinese tourists already in Quang Ninh to actually make the four-hour journey to Ha Long and spend the night.

Also, more investment in tourist related activities may not lead to increased tourism and increased revenue, since the main attraction of Quang Ninh is and always will always be the World Heritage Site. Rather, an improved marketing effort (in collaboration with foreign tour operators in China and Europe) designed to bring in larger numbers of tourists might prove more effective in raising overall demand for tourism services of all quality levels.

Mekong River Cruises Most Popular Attractio In Vietnam

The Mekong River Cruise in Vietnam is one of the world's great rivers. It is the world's 10th-longest river and the 7th-longest in Asia. Its estimated length is 4,909 km, and it drains an area of 795,000 km2 (307,000 sq mi), discharging 475 km3 of water annually. From the Tibetan Plateau this river runs through China's Yunnan province, Burma, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam established the Mekong River Commission in 1995 to assist in the management and coordinated use of the Mekong's resources.

Mekong River

In 1996 China and Burma became "dialogue partners" of the MRC and the six countries now work together within a cooperation framework. It then flows across Cambodia and southern Vietnam into a rich delta before emptying into the South China Sea. In the upper course are steep descents and swift rapids, but the river is navigable south of Louangphrabang in Laos.

From the point where it rises to its mouth, the most precipitous drop in the Mekong occurs in what is referred to as the 'Upper Mekong Basin' (see below), a stretch of some 2,200 km (1,367 mi). Here, it drops 4,500 metres (14,764 ft) metres before it enters the Lower Basin where the borders of Thailand, Lao PDR, China and Burma come together in the Golden Triangle. Downstream from the Golden Triangle, the river flows for a further 2,600 km 2,600 km (1,616 mi) through Lao PDR, Thailand and Cambodia before entering the South China Sea via a complex delta system in Viet Nam.



Mekong River

In Yunnan province China, the river and its tributaries are confined by narrow, deep gorges. The tributary river systems in this part of the basin are small. Only 14 have catchment areas that exceed 1,000 km2 (0 sq mi). In the south of Yunnan, in Simao and Xishuangbanna Prefectures, the mekong river changes as the valley opens out, the floodplain becomes wider, and the river becomes wider and slower. The Mekong River is a transboundary international waterway that traverses six countries. The land, water, forest and fi sh resources are shared in a number of senses and at a number of scales among the riparian countries in the region.

Thus, water used by an upstream country may become unavailable to a downstream country on a temporary, seasonal or even permanent basis. Many transboundary environmental issues, such as the upstream-downstream watershed dynamics of water quantity, quality and timing, the trade in timber and non-timber forest products, and air pollution, have begun to receive attention as regional issues. Similarly, some actors and decision-makers in the region have begun to consider issues such as livestock movements, labour migration and public health as being of importance to the regional environment.

Temple of Literature Most Popular In Hanoi Vietnam

Just around the corner from the project office is Van Mieu, which roughly translates as Temple of Literature. It was founded in 1072 during the Ly Dynasty. Shortly thereafter in 1076 a university called Quoc Tu Giam was built inside the complex. Honouring Confucius and 72 disciples, it served as a civil service college to staff the bureaucracy of the Ly state. Roughly at the beginning of the Tran dynasty (1225-1400) the examination system of the university was changed and its gates opened to commoners for the first time.

Temple of Literature

The Chinese ruled Vietnam for a short period during the early 1400s. After this brief interregnum, the
Vietnamese leader Le Loi rose to prominence. He endowed the university with a new library and
lecture halls, and added a poetry composition section to the examinations. Also at this time the practice of carving the names of successful examinees on stone stele was instituted. The stones tell us that between 1443 and 1778 over a hundred examinations were held with about 20 successful candidates emerging from each exam.

Temple of Literature

The school flourished into the early 20th century, but the end of the civil service examinations by 1919 signalled the end of its 800 year service. The site lay largely abandoned when the French colonisers arrived, and they referred to it as the Pagoda of Crows since a flock of crows nested in old mango trees located on the site. Nowadays the area is preserved and used as a park.

Temple of Literature

Temple of Literature is located on Van Mieu Street, 2km west of Hoan Kiem Lake. Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam is a famous historical and cultural relic consisting of the Temple of Literature and Vietnam’s first university. The Temple of Literature was built in 1070 in honour of Confucius, his followers and Chu Van An, a moral figure in Vietnamese education. Quoc Tu Giam, or Vietnam's first university, was built in 1076. Throughout its hundreds of years of activity in the feudal, thousands of Vietnamese scholars graduated from this university.

Hoan Kiem Lake Restored Sword Of Legend-Hoan Kiem Lake Turtle Hano

Hoan Kiem Lake located in the centre of Hanoi isn't Hanoi's biggest lake, but it seems to represent the “spiritual heart” of the city. The lake is like a magnet, drawing people towards it. In the late afternoon and evening the sculptured park along the banks play host to thousands of people enjoying the view, playing chess, or going for a jog, not to mention the postcard and map sellers and illegal money changers trying to do business with tourists.

Hoan Kiem Lake is also called Lake of the Restored Sword. The name Lake of the Restored Sword is derived from a legend. “After ten years of hard fighting (1407-1417), the Lam Son insurrectionists
led by Le Loi swept the foreign invaders (the Chinese) out of the country of Dai Viet, ending the
Ming's 20–year domination over the Viet people. Le Loi became a national hero, proclaiming himself king, called Le Thai To, and establishing his capital in Thang Long”.

Hoan Kiem Lake Turtle

Now that seems to be rather reasonable, historical fact. But then a bit of straight forward history takes a rather bizarre turn “On a beautiful afternoon, the King and his entourage took a dragon shaped
boat for sight-seeing on Luc Thuy (Green Water) Lake, which was located in the centre of Thang Long capital (present–day Hanoi). As the boat was gliding on the lake, suddenly there was a great wave and on top of the wave, the Golden Tortoise Genie appeared, telling the King: Your Majesty, the great work is completed. Would you please return the sacred sword to the King of the Sea?"”

“The precious sword was formerly lent to Le Loi by the King of the Sea and was always beside him throughout his battles and helped him win over the Ming invaders. At the time the Tortoise Genie spoke, the sword hung at the King's waist. It then moved out of the scabbard and flew towards the Genie. The Genie kept the sword in his mouth and dived under the water, and bright lightning flashed up to the sky. Since then, the Luc Thuy Lake has been called the Restored Sword Lake, or the Sword Lake for short.”
The legend of the Hoan Kiem Lake turtle has great significance for Vietnamese people, dating back to the 15th century. It is believed that while cruising the lake, a turtle surfaced and demanded from king Le Loi that he return to the lake a sacred sword used in defeating the Ming. The turtle either grabbed the sword or Le Loi unsheathed and gave it to the turtle, renaming it Hoan Kiem “Lake of Returned Sword”. It is still hotly debated whether the lake contains a single turtle, which reputedly lives up to 700 years, or whether there are five turtles that surface to mark important national events. Apparently, three Hoan Kiem turtles are held in captivity, two in Chinese zoos.  


Hoan Kiem Lake According to the legend, emperor Lê Lợi handed a magic sword called Heaven's Will which brought him victory in his revolt against the Chinese Ming Dynasty back to the Golden Turtle God (Kim Qui) in the lake and hence gave it its present name (the lake was formerly known as "Luc Thuy" meaning "Green Water"). The Tortoise Tower (Thap Rùa) standing on a small island near the center of lake is linked to the legend.


Hoan Kiem Lake large soft-shell turtles, either of the species Rafetus swinhoei or a separate species named Rafetus leloii in honor of the emperor, have been sighted in the lake. The species is critically endangered and the number of individuals in the lake is unclear. Near the northern shore of the lake lies Jade Island on which the Ngoc Son Temple (Jade Mountain Temple) stands. The temple was erected in the 18th century. It honors the 13-century military leader Tran Hung Dao who distinguished himself in the fight against the Yuan Dynasty, Van Xuong, a scholar, and Nguyen Van Sieu, a Confucian master and famous writer in charge of repairs made to the temple in 1864. Jade Island is connected to the shore by the wooden red-painted The Huc Bridge.

Hoan Kiem Lake

This is another “attraction”, something interesting to see when you’re exploring the Hoan Kiem Lake area. The temple is located basically on the north east side of the lake and is easily recognized by the colorful two towered gateway that serves as it entranceway. The gate itself is known as Tam Quan or “Three Passage Gate” and it leads to Huc Bridge, the infamous red lacquered bridge that is so often associated with modern day Ha Noi.

Hoan Kiem Lake

The Ngoc Son is also known as the Jade Mountain Temple and was last modified in the 1800’s and was initially built to honor a 13th century military figure Tran Hung Dao, and scholar Van Xuong, Tran Hung Dao was responsible for protecting the northern borders of what is now Vietnam during the Mongol Resistance Wars of the 1250’s. Nguyen Van Sieu was the man that was instrumental in its restoration in 1864. Van Sieu was responsible for the additions of the Tower that sits on a rock mound just inside the Tam Quan.

The tower, named Thap But is a 30 foot high symbolic representation of a “paint brush”, sometimes referred to as the “Pen Tower” In addition to this a part of his design is a shaped rock found close by that is meant to be symbolic of a “writing pad” so illustrating the constant connection seen in Vietnam between the artist and religion in this culture.

Hanoi Vietnam Exotic Capital City in Asia And Highligh Tourism

The grand old dame of the orient, Hanoi is perhaps the most graceful, atmospheric and exotic capital city in Asia. Its appeal is instant, with sweeping boulevards, tree-fringed lakes, ancient pagodas and a relatively compact historic centre that’s best explored on foot. Hanoi is very much a city on the move. The pace of life is relentless and the energy and enterprise remarkable indeed, it seems that all of Hanoi’s defiant, ambitious citizens are determined to make up for all that lost time.

A constant tide of motorbikes swarms through the quixotic web of streets of the Old Quarter, a cauldron of commerce for almost 1000 years and still the best place to check the pulse of this resurgent city. Life is carried out on the street, as hawkers in conical hats ply their wares while locals sip drip-coffee and bia hoi (beer). Witness synchronised t’ai chi on the shores of Hoan Kiem Lake at dawn while goateed grandfathers tug at their wisps over the next chess move.

Hoan Kiem Lake

It is a city of sharp contrasts. In Lenin Park the Communist Party youth go through military drills and keep the red flag flying high. A street or two away, Hanoi’s bright young things dine in cosmopolitan restaurants before heading on to a cutting-edge bar where the soundtrack is Ibiza-style house music or Berlin electro. Huge challenges now confront Hanoi, as rapacious developers target prime plots and traffic increasingly threatens to choke the character out of the city. But for now it retains a unique blend of Parisian grace and Asian pace, for in Hanoi the medieval and modern
coexist and enthral.

HANOI HIGHLIGHTS TOURISM
 

- Experience Asia at its raw, pulsating best in the labyrinthine streets of the Old Quarter
- Step into history, and a spiritual retreat from the busy streets beyond, at the Temple of Literature 
- Check out the best of Hanoi’s unique bar scene at the bia hoi junction’ 
- Pay your respects to ‘Uncle Ho’ himself at Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum 
- Piece together the country’s ethnic mosaic at the wonderful Vietnam Museum of Ethnology

HISTORY

The site where Hanoi stands today has been inhabited since the neolithic period. Emperor Ly Thai To moved his capital here in AD 1010, naming it Thang Long (City of the Soaring Dragon). Spectacular celebrations in honour of the 1000th birthday of the city are planned for 2010.

The decision by Emperor Gia Long, founder of the Nguyen dynasty in 1802, to rule from Hue relegated Hanoi to the status of a regional capital for a century. The city was named Hanoi (The City in a Bend of the River) by Emperor Tu Duc in 1831. From 1902 to 1953, Hanoi served as the capital of French Indochina.



Hanoi was proclaimed the capital of Vietnam after the August Revolution of 1945, but it was not until the Geneva Accords of 1954 that the Viet Minh, driven from the city by the French in 1946, were able to return. During the American War, US bombing destroyed parts of Hanoi and killed hundreds
of civilians. One of the prime targets was the 1682m-long Long Bien Bridge. US aircraft repeatedly bombed the strategic bridge, yet after each attack the Vietnamese managed to improvise replacement spans and return it to road and rail services. It is said that the US military ended the attacks when US POWs were put to work repairing the structure.

As recently as the early 1990s motorised transport was rare; most people got around on bicycles and the only modern structures were designed by Soviet architects. Times have changed, and today Hanoi’s unique character is under attack on many fronts as conservationists fight to save historic structures, and the city struggles to cope with a booming population, soaring pollution levels and an inefficient public transport system work is slated to begin on the first line of a metro in 2009.

Mui Ne Beach Most Popular Vietnam Tour and Fisher

MUI NE Beach is Vietnam’s largest and fastest-growing resort community. Until the solar eclipse of 1995 when thousands flocked to the area for the best glimpse, Mui Ne remained a relatively unknown fishing community hidden in the palm groves along the beach, reachable only by a primitive dirt road. Since then it has become one of the top beach get-a-ways in Vietnam, as well as the water sports capital of the country. November through March is windy season, and during this period the bay is crowded with kite boarders and wind surfers from around the globe.

Mui Ne Beach

Mui Ne Beach and the surrounding Binh Thuan province have everything to offer. We have beautiful tropical beaches lined with groves of swaying palm trees; immense saharan sand dunes meandering for kilometers through colors of red, yellow and white. We have winding rivers teeming with fresh fish and crabs; tall mountains with bamboo rainforests and pristine waterfalls. There are deep red canyons parted by twisting streams and echoed by the sounds of tropical birds.

Mui Ne Beach Fantastic red and white sand dunes, which can be explored on a jeep tour (most often includes a sand-sledding session), are a must-see. Another destination worth a visit is the so called Fairy Stream, a scenic creek winding through breathtaking red and white sand cliffs from deep in the dunes out to the beach. Here you should take your time (around 2 hours) to walk bare-foot through the shallow water and admire the wonderful natural surroundings.

Mui Ne Beach

Set in front of beautiful red sand dunes, Mui Ne Beach offers more than 16 kilometres of once pristine coastline, which has been developed over the last years with accommodation offering everything from budget on-the-beach bungalows to high-end hotels on at the beach, as well as restaurants and souvenirs shops. The fishing village is still there and marks the eastern end of the beach. Strong sea breezes and a hot and dry climate make Mủi Né very popular for kite- and windsurfing though people looking for nightlife may have to go to Phan Thiet, which is only 15 kilometres away.

Mui Ne sees only about half the rainfall of nearby PhanThiet. The sand dunes help protect its unique microclimate, and even during the wet season (from June to September) rains tend to be fairly light and sporadic. Mui Ne's developing a reputation as the action capital of the coast. There's no scuba diving or snorkelling to speak of, but when Nha Trang and Hoi An get the rains, Mui Ne gets the waves. Surfs up from August to December. For windsurfers, the gales howl as well, especially from late October to late April, when swells stir over from the Philippine ty-phoons.

Binh Thuan provinc and Phan Thiet Water Tower Vietnam Tourism

Welcome to Binh Thuan Province, an area like nowhere else in Vietnam. Visitors often pass through Binh Thuan on Highway 1, as they travel between Ho Chi Minh City and Nha Trang, stopping along the way in the beach resort hotspot of Mui Ne. Mui Ne is known for its lazy groves of palm trees lining long stretches of quiet beachfront. A reliable coastal breeze and equally reliable sunny weather have also made Mui Ne the water sports capitol of Vietnam.

There’s more to Binh Thuan than pleasant beaches however. The province contains South East Asia’s only desert region, with vast Saharan dunes, cactus and boulder-strewn mountains. Binh Thuan receives the lowest rainfall in all of Vietnam. Still, the northern mountains of Binh Thuan support dense tropical rainforests with diverse ecosystems. The local cultures are no less varied, with numerous minorities living in the mountains and desert plains. The ancient Champa kingdom made its southernmost outpost with towers that still overlook Phan Thiet city, the provincial capital.

Phan Thiet Water Tower

The descendants of this matriarchal culture with its mixture of Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and unique indigenous beliefs still live in villages along the coast. Binh Thuan has been prominent in modern and French colonial history, with several important military outposts located around Phan Thiet. Ho Chi Minh himself made Phan Thiet his home for a brief time, while he taught at a local school before his days as a revolutionary leader.

For those who are tired of the hectic tourist track through South East Asia, it’s common to come to the area planning to spend just a few days, and end up remaining for several weeks. If you are looking for a chance to just relax and forget about the checklists of tourist sites, you are certain to enjoy your time here, no matter how long you stay.

Phan Thiet Water Tower

PHAN THIET is known internationally for three things: the production of nuoc mam (fish sauce), dragon fruit plantations, and tourism (centering in Mui Ne Beach). The old quarter is nestled along the banks of the Ca Ty River, but the new city has spread out for nearly 9 kilometers along the beach, nestled in a valley between mountains to the north and sandy bluffs to the east and west. At the center of town, on the East bank of the river, stands the Phan Thiet Water Tower. This elegant symbol of Binh Thuan province is incorporated in numerous local emblems. It was designed in the 1930’s by Prince Suphanouvong of Laos. Across the river is the city’s central market, which is a great place to have breakfast and pick up fresh produce.

Near the market on Trung Noi Street is the Ho Chi Minh Museum and Duc Thanh School (Tues-Sun, 7:30-11:30am & 1:30-4:30pm; small admission fee). In 1910 Ho Chi Minh taught at the school for a year, before leaving to pursue more revolutionary endeavors. The school was abandoned but later rebuilt in his honor, along with a new museum on the site of his former home. The museum contains some of his personal effects, dioramas from the revolutionary period, and some local natural history displays and wildlife specimens.

Along the riverfront you’ll find numerous vendors selling candied fruits, dried squid and peanut brittle. At Tran Hung Dao Bridge the Ca Ty River flows into the Phan Thiet harbor, with its brightly colored fishing fleet and small lighthouse beyond. This is the best place to watch celebrations of the Cau Ngu/Nghinh Ong Festival (dates depend upon the lunar calendar but may be altered by the local government, though usually the end of the summer) and Mid Autumn Festival (October 9, 2009). Cau Ngu & Nghinh Ong are a whale-worship festival with elaborate costumed parades, while the Mid Autumn Festival is a traditional Chinese festival known for evening lantern displays and eating moon cakes. Phan Thiet is nationally recognized as the best place to observe both. The riverfront is especially beautiful during evening festivities when there are elaborate fireworks shows.

Nha Trang is One of Vietnam’s Popular Beach Getaways

With its sparkling bays, coco palms, warm waters and white sand beaches, Nha Trang is one of Vietnam’s popular beach getaways. The town itself is small, with fishing as a primary industry. Fishing boats painted bright red and blue provide a splash of color to the rustic harbors. A short drive into the countryside reveals rural farming villages nestled in the verdant valleys of gently sloping mountains.

Nha Trang Beach has a rich historical past, and was formerly the center of the ancient Kingdom of Champa, The kingdom dominated the region from the 2nd century A.D. until the 15th century when they were defeated by the Ly Dynasty, founders of the independent Vietnamese state. Tower ruins of this civilization have survived the years, and are located just north of town.


Nha Trang

The Cham Towers, which represent a holy place where many come to pray, explore or relax while enjoying the views sit atop a hill overlooking the Cai River estuary. In 1891, Dr. Alexander Yersin, a French immunologist, founded Xom Bau Village where fishermen migrated, making it a bustling and crowded village. Quickly, more and more people began migrating to the new town and a local government was established. The small village, later named Nha Trang, is now the capital of the Khanh Hoa province and has a population of approximately 300,000 inhabitants.

Nha Trang

The town’s four-mile stretch of beach, with white sand and warm Caribbean-like waters, made this a popular spot for U.S. servicemen stationed here during the Vietnam war, and today attracts local
vacationers plus a handful of westerners.

Nha Trang

Nha Trang Whether exploring downtown, the countryside, or just relaxing at the beach, you’re sure to enjoy the warmth and friendliness of the people and the simple and relaxed atmosphere of this tow

Ha Long Bay World Heritage The wonder Scenery

Ha Long Bay, in the Gulf of Tonkin, includes some 1,600 islands and islets, forming a spectacular seascape of limestone pillars. Because of their precipitous nature, most of the islands are uninhabited and unaffected by a human presence. Nevertheless, while the site’s outstanding scenic beauty is complemented by its great biological interest, fuel and oil, garbage and the raising number of tourists have created serious pollution impacting both the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem of the islands.

The main goal of the camp is to raise the awareness of the local population about the preservation of the natural site of Ha Long Bay by running and promoting concrete activities to protect its environment. Local youth and tourists will constitute the main target group of the non-formal education actions that will be organised by the international and local young volunteers, with also a focus on University students from the capital as potential actors of change.


Ha long Bay

Choosing activities that give visibility to the youth efforts to preserve World Heritage the camp also aims at sensitising the local government on the important role that young people can play for the promotion and protection of Ha Long Bay. The involvement of local environmental organisations aims at multiplying the positive impact of the first World heritage camp held in 2008 and guarantees an important role to the local community to develop and implement long-term strategies in heritage conservation.

Volunteers will run a series of demonstrative actions, from planting 100 trees in Ha Long to a bicycle
ride to promote environmentally friendly transportation among tourists and locals, and to garbage collection along Ha Long beaches. Two World Heritage exhibitions will take place in Ha Long high schools during the camp and will also be relayed by similar activities in the main Universities of Hanoi, thus creating bridges between the country’s capital and its natural heritage. A video workshop to film the different actions will also complement and give visibility to the activities carried by the volunteers.

Ha Long Bay

While by the end of the project the exhibitions will have provided high school and university students with a deeper knowledge of World Heritage and the current situation of Ha Long bay, the demonstrative actions will have contributed raising the awareness of the local population and the tourists visiting the site. As the process required to organise such a diverse set of activities and will have required intense partnership building and
cross-sectorial cooperation, the environmental organisations, local and national authorities and schools and
universities brought together by this project will constitute an important network to support the work of the site manager in preserving and promoting the site.