Mount Bromo in Indonesian Gunung Bromo is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. At 2,329 metres (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well known. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in East Java, Indonesia. Mount Bromo sits in the middle of a vast plain called the "Sea of Sand" a protected nature reserve since 1919. The typical way to visit Mount Bromo is from the nearby mountain village of Cemoro Lawang. From there it is possible to walk to the volcano in about 45 minutes, but it is also possible to take an organised jeep tour, which includes a stop at the viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan = 2,770 m or 9,088 ft, in Indonesian: Gunung Penanjakan. The best views from Mount Bromo to the Sand Sea below and the surrounding volcanoes are at sunrise.
|Mount Bromo or Tengger|
On the Segara Wedi sand plain sits a Hindu temple called Pura Luhur Poten. The temple holds a significant importance to the Tenggerese scatter across the mountainous villages such as Ngadisari, Wonokitri, Ngadas, Argosari, Ranu Prani, Ledok Ombo and Wonokerso. The temple organized annual Yadnya Kasada ceremony which lasts for about one month. On the 14th day, the Tenggerese will congregate at Pura Luhur Poten to ask for blessings from Ida Sang Hyang Widi Wasa and God of Mahameru (Mount Semeru). Then the mass will proceed along the crater edges of Mt Bromo where offerings will be thrown into the crater. The major difference between this temple with the Balinese ones are the type of stones and building materials.
Mount Bromo in Legendary during the reign of the last king of Majapahit, Brawijaya, the situation was so uncertain due to the expanding new religion, Islam. At the time, the queen gave birth a baby girl and named her Roro Anteng, later the princess married Joko Seger, a Brahma Caste. Since the influences of the new religion was so strong that it created chaos. The king and his followers were forced to back off to the east, some of them reached Bali and some of them reached a volcano. The new married couple, Roro Anteng and Joko Seger were also found among the fugitives who went to the volcano. Later they ruled the volcano area and named it Tengger. The word Tengger was derived from Roro Anteng and Joko Seger. Then he surnamed himself the riffle of Purba Wasesa Mangkurat Ing Tengger which means the righteous ruler of Tengger.
|Mount Bromo Caldera|
Explore the natural phenomena and the challenges of Mount Bromo & Mount Semeru in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. You will trek to attempt the peak of Mount Semeru 3,676 m above the sea level, as an active volcano which is the highest in Java. During the trek, you will pass over the beautiful high altitude volcanic lakes, tropical rain forest, and the grassland. After the adventure, you will enjoy the natural beauties such as the spectacular sunrise over Mount Bromo, explore the spectacular Sea of Sand on a horseback or by foot, that fills the caldera of Tengger mountains and meet the native Tengger people, wrapped in cloaks riding around on their high stepping ponies.
Mount Bromo can be reached by private vehicle or public transportation. To reach Mount Bromo, visitors can take two routes. First, the "western gate" of the direction of Pasuruan. Travelling through the west door is fairly heavy due to impassable by ordinary 4-wheel vehicles, except by hiring a jeep. Through this route tourists usually choose to walk from village to Mount Bromo Wonokitri with a distance of about 13 km. Second, through the "north gate" from the direction of Probolinggo. Through the second door, the tourists can use any vehicle, including riding a motorcycle because the road that passed not too steep. If tourists want to see the sea of sand, it is advisable to go through the north door. Conversely, if the desired is watch the sunrise, it is more practical through the west door. The nearest village from the direction to reach Bromo Probolinggo is Cemorolawang (± 45 km from Probolinggo). Upon arrival at Surabaya Airport drive with 4WD Jeep to Village, Cottage, Guest House or Hotel.