Showing posts with label Balinese Dances. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Balinese Dances. Show all posts

Tuesday, April 26, 2011

SHADOW PUPPET IN BALINESE WAYANG KULIT IN HISTORY MAHA BARATA

The wayang puppet show is perhaps the most famous show in Balinese theatre, albeit the most difficult to understand. Basically an epic narrative, it is the key to Bali's unique world of myths, symbols and religious beliefs. The puppet master, or datang, tells his story by projecting the shadows of the puppets he manipulates behind a white screen and a large lamp. He plays several characters at once, shifting from Old-Javanese to High-Balinese, singing and hitting a box to mark the rhythm. A good dalang is a one-man-show, being in turns smart, funny and melancholic.



The daLang borrows the frame of his narrative from the great epics of the Indo-Javanese tradition, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, although other stories may sometimes be used. He then creates his own episodes, usually concerning a hero's quest for a magical weapon, heavenly secret or partner.

                                                                                                                
Wayang Kulit or Wayang Shadow

The hero, accompanied by buffoons, succeeds eventually after tortuous adventures in the wilderness and fights with evil giants. The two sets of puppets - the heroes on the right, villains on the left - symbolise the eternal struggle between good and evil. But for the audience, the datang's ability to poke fun at everyone through the mouths of the buffoons is no less important than the narrative.

Screed Balinese Dance Ritual And Cultural

Balinese Dances Ritual and Cultural Most Attraction Popular
At the heart of Balinese culture is Hinduism. This unique religion is the foundation of Bali’s rich art forms and dance in Bali not only serves as an offering to the Gods but also as entertainment for human beings. In Bali, dances are divided into three categories based upon the religious significance of a particular dance and the place of its performance. The three categories of dance in Bali are:

Wali means “ritual” and refers to forms of music and dance that must be performed during religious ceremonies or festivals. These sacred dances are the oldest forms of dance in Bali. Usually, these dances are performed in the jeroan, the innermost, and holiest, courtyard of a Balinese temple.

Bebali means “offering” and refers to ceremonial forms of music, dance and drama that are not necessarily a required part of a ritual but serve to accompany a ceremony. Bebali dances are held in the jaba tengah, the middle courtyard of a Balinese temple. Balih-balihan means “performance” or “spectacle” and refers to secular dances that act as entertainment in Bali. Into this category fall all dances that are not wali or bebali. These dances are, however, often associated with religious ceremonies and can be performed in the jaba, the outer court of a temple.


Four Sacred dances are featured on this Article:
- Sanghyang Jaran and Calon Arang, and Bebali dances
-Gambuh and Topeng. The Topeng may also be performed as a Wali dance if it is performed in the innermost court of the temple.

Dedari Sanghyang Dance And Jaran Sanghyang Dace

Dedari Sanghyang Dance And Jaran Sanghyang Dace means ‘holy’ or ‘deity’. A divinely inspired dance, requiring the participant to enter into trance and perform physical challenges: walking and holding hot embers and, sometimes, impaling oneself with a magical keris. The performer is believed to be protected from injury by divine intervention.


Jaran Sanghyang Dance
Dedari Sanghyang Dance


Calon Arang Dance Full Magig Dace

Calon Arang Dance is deeply concerned with the magical battle of light and dark. Black magic is deeply embedded in the Balinese socio-religious fabric to date and appeasement of the dark side of the divine panoply is not only a daily duty but is considered a wise precaution if one is not to fall prey to its powerfully destructive influence. This dance drama is a symbolic form of exorcism to keep the dark spirits aligned
with Rangda at bay.
Calon Arang DanceCalon Arang Dance



Gambuh Dance

The Gambuh Dace featured here is a collaboration of a Swiss and Balinese Gambuh troop. In modern Bali many of the more archaic dances have fallen prey to a malaise attributed to the business of cultural commodities and the changing tastes of a new electronic media driven Balinese society. Outside organizations have made strong attempts to preserve Balinese culture with heritage contributions and by the transplanting of traditions carried on by students from other cultures.

Gambuh DanceGambuh  Dance

Topeng Dance
The Topeng Dance is a mask dance drama and one of the most popular forms of dance in Bali. It is very common for the performer to craft one’s own masks. Having to perform multiple characters is a physically rigorous study on the way to becoming a premiere Topeng artist upon the sacred stage.



Topeng  Dance

LEGONG DANCE Most Attraction Balinese Dance

The dynamic Legong Dance is the epitome of classical female Balinese dancing. A court dance, it was created in the 18th century in the circles of the principality of Sukawati. Now including a variety of modern "free creations" (tari lepas), the legong is usually the first dance taught to beginners. Months of training are needed to master the perfect mix of posture (tangkep), movements and mimicry.


<b>Legong Dance</b>Legong Dance


Three dancers in glittering costumes - one condong lady-in-waiting and two princesses whose roles change according to the narrative - usually perform it. The ancient legong used to have a storyteller's accompaniment, but these days they are only dance performances.

<b>Legong Dance</b>Legong Dance
  
Show Guide Legong Dance

Peliatan Stage Ubud Every Friday (18.30-19.30 ) pm
Puri Dalem Puri Ubud Every Saturday ( 18.30-19.30 ) pm
Puri Peliatan Ubud Every Sunday ( 19.30-21.30 ) pm
Puri Saren Ubud Every Sunday ( 19.30-21.30 ) pm

Joged Bumbung and Janger Dance Most Popular Bali Dances

The Joged Bumbung Dance is one of the few exclusively secular dances of Bali, in which the brightly-dressed dancer invites men from the crowd to dance with her in a pretence of seduction. The music is made with bumbung (baMboo) instruments. This dance is very popular with tourists.



The Joged Bumbung dance begins with a long opening sequence by the female dancer. Then, long shawl in her hand, she selects a man from the audience by either pointing with her fan or touching his waist. He (the pengibing) comes on stage to hoots from the audience, and is expected to be as adept at teasing as the women dancer. The better he is, the louder the cheers and roars from the crowd. He may try to pinch her, dance hip to hip with her, or even behave like an angry lover and try to hit her.


Jangaer Dance
The best Janger that I've ever seen. A combination of Janger and Arja. The boys also wear an uncommon clothes for Janger, this costume is for Oleg. That was one of the best balinese dance performances i've ever seen, and i lived in bali for a while last year.
Janger Dance

HISTORY KECAK DANCE MOST POPULAR BALINESE DANCE

KECAK DANCE in Indonesia Tari Kecak
 "Cak-cak-cak." The obsessive sound of a choir, from beyond the dust of ages suddenly rises between, the lofty trees. Darkness looms over the stage. Hundreds of bare-breasted men sit in a circle, around the flickering light of an oil lamp chandelier. "Cak-Cak". They start dancing to the rhythmic sound of their own voices, their hands raised to the sky and bodies shaking in unison. This is the unique Kecak, perhaps the most popular of all Balinese dances.


Kecak Dance<b>Kecak Dance</b>


Visitors rarely leave the island of Bali without first seeing a kecak performance. Originally the kecak was just an element of the older Sang Hyang trance dance. It consisted of a male choir praying obsessively to the souls of their ancestors. At the initiative of painter Walter Spies, this religious choir was transformed into a dance by providing it with a narrative. The ballet is the Ramayana epic. The prince Rama, his wife Sita and his brother Laksmana are exiled in the middle of the forest. Rama goes hunting a.golden deer at the request of his wife, who saw the strange animal and has asked him to catch it. While he is away, she is kidnapped by Rahwana and taken to the latter's island kingdom of Alengka.

Kecak Dance<b>Kecak Dance</b>

Rama allies himself with the monkeys and in particular with the white monkey Hanoman. They build a bridge and cross to the island. War ensues until finally Rama defeats Rahwana and is again united with his faithful wife.

Show Guide Kecak Dance
Uluwatu Temple Every Monday, Wednesday, saturday ( 18.00-19.00 ) pm
Art Centre Denpasar Everyday ( 18.30-19.30 ) am
Padang Tegal Ubud Every Sunday (18.00-19.00 ) am
Desa Baha Mengwi ( On Request )
Bona Kangin Everyday Monday
Gianyar on Wednesday and Friday ( 18.30-19.30 ) am
Batubulan Everyday ( 18.30-19.30 )

History Balinese Dance Cultural Tradition and Mytological

Balinese Dance In the 14th century, the defeat of Bali by Majapahit led to the creation of mini-principalities and courts. As a result a blend of Javanese court and peasant culture was created in Bali. The present day accompanying narrative for dance and drama is to a large extent based on court stories from pre-Majapahit Java. The Indian epics are another favourite of the stage and the Javanese influence can be seen especially in the wayang where long quotes from the ancient Javanese Kakawin poetry are recited out. The 16th century brought Islamization to Java, resulting in much of the Javanese culture vanishing from its own land.


History Bali dance Popular Tourism
However, it transformed in Bali, becoming classical Balinese culture. But this didn't live too long until colonization. The rural courts were defeated and replaced with new lords of the land, shifting the center of creativity to village associations and to the development of tourism. The Balinese cultural dance was in its hype of activities especially during the 30's and 50's. The fertile decades helped survive the old narrative-led theatre while letting loose solo dances almost everywhere, accompanied by a new, dynamic kind of music called gong kebyar.



This trend continued in the 60's and 70's with the creation of colossal sendratari ballets, representing ancient Indian and Javanese stories adapted to the needs of modern audiences Balinese dance is inseparable from religion. A small offering of food and flowers must precede even dances for tourists. Before performing, many dancers pray at their family shrines, appealing for holy "taksu" (inspiration) from the gods.

In this rural tradition, the people say that peace and harmony depend on protection by the gods and ancestors. Dance in this context may fulfil a number of specific functions:

- as a channel for visiting gods or demonic gods, the dancers acting as a sort of living repository.


These trance dances include the Sang Hyang Dedari, with little girls in trance, and the Sang Hyang Jaran, a fire dance.

- as a welcome for visiting gods, such as the pendet, rejang and sutri dances
- as entertainment for visiting gods, such as the topeng and the wayang.

In some of these dances, the role of dancing is so important that it is actually the key to any meaning to be found in the ritual. In wayang performances, the puppeteer is often seen as the "priest" sanctifying the holy water. As well as their use in religious ceremonies, dance and drama also have a strong religious content. It is often said that drama is the preferred medium through which the Balinese cultural tradition is transmitted. The episodes performed are usually related to the rites taking place; during a wedding one performs a wedding story; at a death ritual there is a visit to "hell" by the heroes. Clowns (penasar) comment in Balinese, peppering their jokes with religious and moral comments on stories whose narratives use Kawi (Old-Javanese).

BARONG DANCE Most Popular Balinese Dances In World

The Barong Dance is the magical protector of Balinese villages. As "lord of the forest" with fantastic fanged mask and long mane, he is the opponent of Rangda the witch, who rules over the spirits of darkness, in the never ending fight between good and evil. During the Galungan Kuningan festivals, the Barong (there are many types, including barong ket, barong macan, and barong bangkal) wanders from door to door (nglawang) cleansing the territory of evil influences.


Barong Dance

The fight between Barong and Rangda is also the topic of traditional narratives, usually performed in the temple of the dead. The most famous is the story of Calonarang, a widow from Jirah who is furious because she cannot find a suitable husband for her daughter Ratna Manggali. All the eligible young men are scared of her black magic, so she gets revenge by wreaking havoc over the kingdom of Daha. The king, Erlangga, tries to punish her, but all his attempts fail. She kills all the soldiers he sends to destroy her.

Then Rangda decides to destroy Daha. She summons all her disciples and in the still of night they go to the Setra Gendrainayu cemetery, to present offerings of dead flesh to Durga, the goddess of death. Durga agrees to the destruction, although she warns the witch not to enter the city of Daha. But the witch does not heed Durga's advice and the kingdom is soon hit by grubug (a plague) and the villages quickly become cemeteries, people dying even before they can bury their dead. Corpses are scattered everywhere and the stench is unbearable.
Barong  Dance

The only person who can defeat the witch is Mpu Bharadah. At the king's request, Bharadah sends his disciple Bahula to steal Calonarang's magic weapon. Bahula pretends to ask for Ratna Manggali's hand in marriage, and while the witch is away, Bahula steals the magic weapon with the help of Ratna Manggali. Then he gives the stolen weapon to his teacher Bharadah. The weapon turns out to be a manuscript containing the key to ultimate release (moksa) which has been used upside-down by Calonarang. Bharadah goes to Daha to challenge the witch. With the help of the Barong, she is defeated. Before being killed, she asks to be released from her curse and purified.


Show Guide Barong Dance


Suwung Everyday ( 09.30 - 10.00 ) am
Kesiman Everyday ( 09.30-10.00 ) am
Batubulan Village Everyday ( 09.30 - 10.00 ) am
Br. Abasan Everyday ( tba )
Singapadu Everyday ( 09.30 - 10.00 ) am
Padang Galak Everyday ( 09.30 - 10.00 ) am