Friday, February 18, 2011

Prambanan Temple UNESCO World Heritage Site Best Temple World

The cultural colour of Yogyakarta is still obvious because of the temples, traditional buildings, various cultural activities, and a number of famous artists. This afternoon sightseeing features the Prambanan Temple, the biggest and most beautiful Hindhus Temple in Indonesia, locally known as Roro Jonggrang, is the masterpiece of Hindu culture of the tenth century. The slim building soaring up to 47 meters makes its beautiful architecture incomparable. Prambanan temple is extraordinarily beautiful building constructed in the tenth century during the reigns of two kings namely Rakai Pikatan and Rakai Balitung. Soaring up to 47 meters (5 meters higher
than  temple), the foundation of this temple has fulfilled the desire of the founder to show Hindu triumph in Java Island.

Prambanan, named after the village, is the biggest temple complex in Java. Those are Brahma Temple in the North, Visnu Temple in the South and the biggest among the three which lies between Brahma and Visnu is Çiwa Temple which soars up to 47 meters high. Ancient Java’s greatest empire, The Mataram, first appeared on the stage of history in 732 AD. Rakai Pikatan began construction of the temples in 856 AD to commemorate the return to power of Sanjaya Dynasty.

This Prambanan temple is located 17 kilometers from the city center, among an area that now functions as beautiful park. Prambanan temple has three main temples in the primary yard, namely Vishnu, Brahma, and Shiva temples. Those three temples are symbols of Trimurti in Hindu belief. All of them face to the east. Each main temple has accompanying temple facing to the west, namely Nandini for Shiva, Angsa for Brahma, and Garuda for Vishnu. Besides, there are 2 flank temples, 4 kelir temples and 4 corner temples. In the second area, there are 224 temples.A fantastic sunset can be enjoyed (if weather permit) in the late afternoon.

 Restoration of Prambanan Temple start in 1918 and the main temple Shiva was completed in 1953. In 1991, Prambanan Temple was inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List and the restoration of the complex is still on its way. Beside restoration of the temple, the Government also enlarge the area for garden, parking area, shops area and other facilities. Four settlement Prambanan temple have been relocated in surrounding village.

The Prambanan temple complex was abandoned the next century when the Mataram court and most of the population moved to East Java, and the temples themselves collapsed during an earthquake in the 16th century. The 27 May 2006 earthquake caused serious damaged to Prambanan Temple Complex. The rehabilitation and reconstruction effort in Prambanan will take years. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Japan and others to help restore historical monuments damaged during the earthquake.


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