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Haengju Fortress is in the eastern part of Seoul, just across the Han River from Gimpo International Airport. Haengju was the site of one of the bloodiest battles during the Japanese invasion in the 1590s. After Seoul fell to the Japanese, General Kwon Yul led a small army of 2,300 to the Haengju Fortress to recapture the capital. Among the army was a contingent of monks led by Monk Choyoung. The battle at Haengju Fortress is considered to be one of the most influential victories against the Japanese aggressors. After the war ended in 1602, the government built a monument on the summit. Both were destroyed during the Korean War, but were rebuilt during the 1960s.
The Hengju is monument was rebuilt during the 1960s. During that time, the area was landscaped to form a park, and Ch'ungjang-sa Shrine was built to to house Gen. Kwon's portrait. A memorial hall was added and the area further landscaped in the 1970s. Today, the area forms a lovely park, nestled in the hills overlooking the Han River. It includes a small museum with replicas of the weapons used during the battle.
During that time, Ch'ungjang-sa Shrine was built to house General Kwon's portrait and the area was landscaped to form a park. A memorial hall was added and the area was further landscaped in the 1970s. Today, the area forms a lovely park, nestled in the hills overlooking the Han River. It includes a small museum with replicas of the weapons used during the battle.